gratuitous

[gruh-too-i-tuhs, -tyoo-]
adjective
1.
given, done, bestowed, or obtained without charge or payment; free; voluntary.
2.
being without apparent reason, cause, or justification: a gratuitous insult.
3.
Law. given without receiving any return value.

Origin:
1650–60; < Latin grātuītus free, freely given, spontaneous, derivative of grātus thankful, received with thanks (for formation cf. fortuitous); see -ous

gratuitously, adverb
gratuitousness, noun
nongratuitous, adjective
nongratuitously, adverb
nongratuitousness, noun
ungratuitous, adjective
ungratuitously, adverb
ungratuitousness, noun

gracious, gratis, gratuitous.


2. unnecessary, superfluous, redundant; causeless, unreasonable, groundless, unprovoked, unjustified.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
gratuitous (ɡrəˈtjuːɪtəs)
 
adj
1.  given or received without payment or obligation
2.  without cause; unjustified
3.  law given or made without receiving any value in return: a gratuitous agreement
 
[C17: from Latin grātuītus, from grātia favour]
 
gra'tuitously
 
adv
 
gra'tuitousness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gratuitous
1656, "freely bestowed," from L. gratuitus "free, spontaneous, voluntary," from gratia "favor." Sense of "uncalled for, done without good reason" is first recorded 1691.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
So far, all your comments have been gratuitously critical if not downright hostile toward males.
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