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gratuitous

[gruh-too-i-tuh s, -tyoo-] /grəˈtu ɪ təs, -ˈtyu-/
adjective
1.
given, done, bestowed, or obtained without charge or payment; free; voluntary.
2.
being without apparent reason, cause, or justification:
a gratuitous insult.
3.
Law. given without receiving any return value.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Latin grātuītus free, freely given, spontaneous, derivative of grātus thankful, received with thanks (for formation cf. fortuitous); see -ous
Related forms
gratuitously, adverb
gratuitousness, noun
nongratuitous, adjective
nongratuitously, adverb
nongratuitousness, noun
ungratuitous, adjective
ungratuitously, adverb
ungratuitousness, noun
Can be confused
gracious, gratis, gratuitous.
Synonyms
2. unnecessary, superfluous, redundant; causeless, unreasonable, groundless, unprovoked, unjustified.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for gratuitously
  • So far, all your comments have been gratuitously critical if not downright hostile toward males.
British Dictionary definitions for gratuitously

gratuitous

/ɡrəˈtjuːɪtəs/
adjective
1.
given or received without payment or obligation
2.
without cause; unjustified
3.
(law) given or made without receiving any value in return: a gratuitous agreement
Derived Forms
gratuitously, adverb
gratuitousness, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin grātuītus, from grātia favour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gratuitously
adv.

1690s, from gratuitous + -ly (2).

gratuitous

adj.

1650s, "freely bestowed," from Latin gratuitus "done without pay, spontaneous, voluntary," from gratus "pleasing, agreeable," from gratia "favor" (see grace). Sense of "uncalled for, done without good reason" is first recorded 1690s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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