graven

[grey-vuhn]
verb
1.
a past participle of grave3.
adjective
2.
deeply impressed; firmly fixed.
3.
carved; sculptured: a graven idol.

Origin:
1200–50; Middle English. See grave3, -en3

nongraven, adjective
ungraven, adjective
well-graven, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

grave

3 [greyv]
verb (used with object), graved, graven or graved, graving.
1.
to carve, sculpt, or engrave.
2.
to impress deeply: graven on the mind.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English graven, Old English grafan; cognate with German graben

graver, noun

grave

4 [greyv]
verb (used with object), graved, graving. Nautical.
to clean and apply a protective composition of tar to (the bottom of a ship).

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English; perhaps akin to gravel

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
grave1 (ɡreɪv)
 
n
1.  a place for the burial of a corpse, esp beneath the ground and usually marked by a tombstoneRelated: sepulchral
2.  something resembling a grave or resting place: the ship went to its grave
3.  the grave a poetic term for death
4.  informal have one foot in the grave to be near death
5.  to make someone turn in his grave, to make someone turn over in his grave to do something that would have shocked or distressed (someone now dead): many modern dictionaries would make Dr Johnson turn in his grave
 
Related: sepulchral
 
[Old English græf; related to Old Frisian gref, Old High German grab, Old Slavonic grobǔ; see grave³]

grave2 (ɡreɪv)
 
adj
1.  serious and solemn: a grave look
2.  full of or suggesting danger: a grave situation
3.  important; crucial: grave matters of state
4.  (of colours) sober or dull
5.  phonetics
 a.  (of a vowel or syllable in some languages with a pitch accent, such as ancient Greek) spoken on a lower or falling musical pitch relative to neighbouring syllables or vowels
 b.  acute Compare circumflex of or relating to an accent (`) over vowels, denoting a pronunciation with lower or falling musical pitch (as in ancient Greek), with certain special quality (as in French), or in a manner that gives the vowel status as a syllable nucleus not usually possessed by it in that position (as in English agèd)
 
n
6.  a grave accent
 
[C16: from Old French, from Latin gravis; related to Greek barus heavy; see gravamen]
 
'gravely2
 
adv
 
'graveness2
 
n

grave3 (ɡreɪv)
 
vb , graves, graving, graved, graved, graven
1.  to cut, carve, sculpt, or engrave
2.  to fix firmly in the mind
 
[Old English grafan; related to Old Norse grafa, Old High German graban to dig]

grave4 (ɡreɪv)
 
vb
(tr) nautical to clean and apply a coating of pitch to (the bottom of a vessel)
 
[C15: perhaps from Old French gravegravel]

grave5 (ˈɡrɑːvɪ)
 
adj, —adv
music to be performed in a solemn manner
 
[C17: from Italian: heavy, from Latin gravis]

graven (ˈɡreɪvən)
 
vb
1.  a past participle of grave
 
adj
2.  strongly fixed

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

grave
O.E. græf "grave, ditch," from P.Gmc. *graban (cf. O.S. graf, O.Fris. gref, O.H.G. grab "grave, tomb;" O.N. gröf "cave," Goth. graba "ditch"), from PIE base *ghrebh-/*ghrobh- "to dig, to scratch, to scrape" (cf. O.C.S. grobu "grave, tomb"); related to grafan "to dig" (see
grave (v.)). From Middle Ages to 17c., they were temporary, crudely marked repositories from which the bones were removed to ossuaries after some years and the grave used for a fresh burial. "Perpetual graves" became common from c.1650. To make (someone) turn in his grave "behave in some way that would have offended the dead person" is first recorded 1888. Graveyard shift "late-night work" is c.1907, from earlier nautical term, in reference to the loneliness of after-hours work.

grave
1540s, from M.Fr. grave, from L. gravis "weighty, serious, heavy," from PIE base *gru- (cf. Skt. guruh "heavy, weighty;" Gk. baros "weight," barys "heavy in weight," often with the notion of "strength, force;" Goth. kaurus "heavy"). Greek barys (opposed to kouphos) also was used figuratively, of suffering,
sorrow, sobbing, and could mean "oppressive, burdensome, grave, dignified, impressive."

grave
O.E. grafan (p.t. grof, pp. grafen) "to dig, carve," from P.Gmc. *grabanan (cf. O.N. grafa, O.Fris. greva, O.H.G. graban, Goth. graban "to dig, carve"), from the same source as grave (n.). Its M.E. strong pp., graven, is the only part still active, the rest of the word supplanted
by its derivative, engrave.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

grave (grāv)
adj.
Serious or dangerous, as a symptom or disease.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Grave definition


Among the ancient Hebrews graves were outside of cities in the open field (Luke 7:12; John 11:30). Kings (1 Kings 2:10) and prophets (1 Sam. 25:1) were generally buried within cities. Graves were generally grottoes or caves, natural or hewn out in rocks (Isa. 22:16; Matt. 27:60). There were family cemeteries (Gen. 47:29; 50:5; 2 Sam. 19:37). Public burial-places were assigned to the poor (Jer. 26:23; 2 Kings 23:6). Graves were usually closed with stones, which were whitewashed, to warn strangers against contact with them (Matt. 23:27), which caused ceremonial pollution (Num. 19:16). There were no graves in Jerusalem except those of the kings, and according to tradition that of the prophetess Huldah.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
The should be graven on the heart of every citizen, and particularly of political campaign managers.
So there was not a total banned on using graven images.
After several visits she insists that she will not allow the paintings in her possession be shown because they are graven images.
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