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8 Words That Are Older Than You Think

graven

[grey-vuh n] /ˈgreɪ vən/
verb
1.
a past participle of grave3 .
adjective
2.
deeply impressed; firmly fixed.
3.
carved; sculptured:
a graven idol.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English. See grave3, -en3
Related forms
nongraven, adjective
ungraven, adjective
well-graven, adjective

grave3

[greyv] /greɪv/
verb (used with object), graved, graven or graved, graving.
1.
to carve, sculpt, or engrave.
2.
to impress deeply:
graven on the mind.
Origin
before 1000; Middle English graven, Old English grafan; cognate with German graben
Related forms
graver, noun

grave4

[greyv] /greɪv/
verb (used with object), graved, graving. Nautical
1.
to clean and apply a protective composition of tar to (the bottom of a ship).
Origin
1425-75; late Middle English; perhaps akin to gravel
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for graven
  • The should be graven on the heart of every citizen, and particularly of political campaign managers.
  • So there was not a total banned on using graven images.
  • After several visits she insists that she will not allow the paintings in her possession be shown because they are graven images.
British Dictionary definitions for graven

graven

/ˈɡreɪvən/
verb
1.
a past participle of grave3
adjective
2.
strongly fixed

grave1

/ɡreɪv/
noun
1.
a place for the burial of a corpse, esp beneath the ground and usually marked by a tombstone related adjective sepulchral
2.
something resembling a grave or resting place: the ship went to its grave
3.
the grave, a poetic term for death
4.
(informal) have one foot in the grave, to be near death
5.
to make someone turn in his grave, to make someone turn over in his grave, to do something that would have shocked or distressed (someone now dead): many modern dictionaries would make Dr Johnson turn in his grave
Word Origin
Old English græf; related to Old Frisian gref, Old High German grab, Old Slavonic grobǔ; see grave³

grave2

/ɡreɪv/
adjective
1.
serious and solemn: a grave look
2.
full of or suggesting danger: a grave situation
3.
important; crucial: grave matters of state
4.
(of colours) sober or dull
5.
(phonetics)
  1. (of a vowel or syllable in some languages with a pitch accent, such as ancient Greek) spoken on a lower or falling musical pitch relative to neighbouring syllables or vowels
  2. of or relating to an accent (`) over vowels, denoting a pronunciation with lower or falling musical pitch (as in ancient Greek), with certain special quality (as in French), or in a manner that gives the vowel status as a syllable nucleus not usually possessed by it in that position (as in English agèd) Compare acute (sense 8), circumflex
noun
6.
a grave accent
Derived Forms
gravely, adverb
graveness, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Old French, from Latin gravis; related to Greek barus heavy; see gravamen

grave3

/ɡreɪv/
verb (transitive) (archaic) graves, graving, graved, graved, graven
1.
to cut, carve, sculpt, or engrave
2.
to fix firmly in the mind
Word Origin
Old English grafan; related to Old Norse grafa, Old High German graban to dig

grave4

/ɡreɪv/
verb
1.
(transitive) (nautical) to clean and apply a coating of pitch to (the bottom of a vessel)
Word Origin
C15: perhaps from Old French gravegravel

grave5

/ˈɡrɑːvɪ/
adjective, adverb
1.
(music) to be performed in a solemn manner
Word Origin
C17: from Italian: heavy, from Latin gravis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for graven
adj.

past participle adjective, late 14c., from grave (v.) + -en (1).

grave

n.

Old English græf "grave, ditch, cave," from Proto-Germanic *graban (cf. Old Saxon graf, Old Frisian gref, Old High German grab "grave, tomb;" Old Norse gröf "cave," Gothic graba "ditch"), from PIE root *ghrebh- "to dig, to scratch, to scrape" (cf. Old Church Slavonic grobu "grave, tomb"); related to grafan "to dig" (see grave (v.)).

"The normal mod. representation of OE. græf would be graff; the ME. disyllable grave, from which the standard mod. form descends, was prob. due to the especially frequent occurrence of the word in the dat. (locative) case. [OED]
From Middle Ages to 17c., they were temporary, crudely marked repositories from which the bones were removed to ossuaries after some years and the grave used for a fresh burial. "Perpetual graves" became common from c.1650. To make (someone) turn in his grave "behave in some way that would have offended the dead person" is first recorded 1888.

adj.

1540s, from Middle French grave (14c.), from Latin gravis "weighty, serious, heavy, grievous, oppressive," from PIE root *gwere- "heavy" (cf. Sanskrit guruh "heavy, weighty, venerable;" Greek baros "weight," barys "heavy in weight," often with the notion of "strength, force;" Old English cweorn "quern;" Gothic kaurus "heavy;" Lettish gruts "heavy"). Greek barys (opposed to kouphos) also was used figuratively, of suffering, sorrow, sobbing, and could mean "oppressive, burdensome, grave, dignified, impressive." The noun meaning "accent mark over a vowel" is c.1600, from French.

v.

"to engrave," Old English grafan (medial -f- pronounced as "v" in Old English; past tense grof, past participle grafen) "to dig, carve, dig up," from Proto-Germanic *grabanan (cf. Old Norse grafa, Old Frisian greva, Dutch graven, Old High German graban, German graben, Gothic graban "to dig, carve"), from the same source as grave (n.). Its Middle English strong past participle, graven, is the only part still active, the rest of the word supplanted by its derivative, engrave.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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graven in Medicine

grave (grāv)
adj.
Serious or dangerous, as a symptom or disease.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for graven

grave

Related Terms

have one foot in the grave


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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graven in the Bible

Among the ancient Hebrews graves were outside of cities in the open field (Luke 7:12; John 11:30). Kings (1 Kings 2:10) and prophets (1 Sam. 25:1) were generally buried within cities. Graves were generally grottoes or caves, natural or hewn out in rocks (Isa. 22:16; Matt. 27:60). There were family cemeteries (Gen. 47:29; 50:5; 2 Sam. 19:37). Public burial-places were assigned to the poor (Jer. 26:23; 2 Kings 23:6). Graves were usually closed with stones, which were whitewashed, to warn strangers against contact with them (Matt. 23:27), which caused ceremonial pollution (Num. 19:16). There were no graves in Jerusalem except those of the kings, and according to tradition that of the prophetess Huldah.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with graven
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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