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hacienda

[hah-see-en-duh; Spanish ah-syen-dah] /ˌhɑ siˈɛn də; Spanish ɑˈsyɛn dɑ/
noun, plural haciendas
[hah-see-en-duh z; Spanish ah-syen-dahs] /ˌhɑ siˈɛn dəz; Spanish ɑˈsyɛn dɑs/ (Show IPA)
(in Spanish America)
1.
a large landed estate, especially one used for farming or ranching.
2.
the main house on such an estate.
3.
a stock raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country.
Origin
1710-1720
1710-20; < Spanish < Latin facienda things to be done or made, neuter plural of faciendus, gerund of facere to do1, make
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for hacienda
  • Stop for a snack at a dairy hacienda with cows, horses and llamas.
  • The on-premises greenhouse grows organic vegetables for the hacienda.
  • It features tropical landscaped grounds, giving it the traditional tropical hacienda style.
British Dictionary definitions for hacienda

hacienda

/ˌhæsɪˈɛndə/
noun (in Spain or Spanish-speaking countries)
1.
  1. a ranch or large estate
  2. any substantial stock-raising, mining, or manufacturing establishment in the country
2.
the main house on such a ranch or plantation
Word Origin
C18: from Spanish, from Latin facienda things to be done, from facere to do
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for hacienda
n.

1760, from Spanish hacienda "landed estate, plantation," earlier facienda, from Latin facienda "things to be done," from facere "to do" (see factitious). For noun use of a Latin gerundive, cf. agenda. The owner of one is a hacendado.

The change of Latin f- to Spanish h- is characteristic; e.g. hablar from fabulari, hacer from facere, hecho from factum, hermoso from formosum. Confusion of initial h- and f- was common in 16c. Spanish; the conquistador is known in contemporary records as both Hernando and Fernando Cortés.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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