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hardened

[hahr-dnd] /ˈhɑr dnd/
adjective
1.
made or become hard or harder.
2.
pitiless; unfeeling.
3.
firmly established or unlikely to change; inveterate:
a hardened criminal.
4.
inured; toughened:
a hardened trooper.
5.
rigid; unyielding:
a hardened attitude.
6.
(of a missile base) equipped to launch missiles from underground silos.
7.
(of a missile) capable of being launched from an underground silo.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English; see harden, -ed2
Related forms
semihardened, adjective
unhardened, adjective
well-hardened, adjective

harden

[hahr-dn] /ˈhɑr dn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to make hard or harder:
to harden steel.
2.
to make pitiless or unfeeling:
to harden one's heart.
3.
to make rigid or unyielding; stiffen:
The rigors of poverty hardened his personality.
4.
to strengthen or confirm, especially with reference to character, intentions, feelings, etc.; reinforce.
5.
to make hardy, robust, or capable of endurance; toughen.
6.
Military. to reinforce the structure of (a military or strategic installation) to protect it from nuclear bombardment.
verb (used without object)
7.
to become hard or harder.
8.
to become pitiless or unfeeling.
9.
to become rigid or unyielding; stiffen:
His personality hardened over the years.
10.
to become confirmed or strengthened:
His resistance hardened.
11.
to become inured or toughened:
The troops hardened under constant fire.
12.
Commerce.
  1. to cease to fluctuate; firm:
    When the speculators withdrew from the market, the prices hardened.
  2. to rise higher.
Origin
1150-1200; Middle English; see hard, -en1
Related forms
hardenable, adjective
hardenability, noun
overharden, verb
preharden, verb (used with object)
reharden, verb
unharden, verb (used with object)
unhardenable, adjective
Synonyms
1. solidify, indurate; petrify, ossify. 4. fortify, steel, brace, nerve.
Antonyms
1. soften. 4. weaken.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for hardened
  • The hike into a several-hundred-year-old tunnel of hardened lava gives you an inside glimpse of a volcano's power.
  • What were once fluid and negotiable guidelines are hardened into a set of practices without any real reason behind them.
  • To hardened backpackers, this sort of well-trod vibe is sometimes considered a liability.
  • The fluid mysteriously hardened my skin, turning it a mahogany color for a few days.
  • Each monastery maintains a workshop where its own artists shape the cold-hardened butter.
  • These eruptions begin under water, when hot magma is cooled and hardened by the ocean.
  • When the lava cooled, it hardened into igneous rock.
  • It could imply that arthropods developed hardened limbs before hardened bodies, say the researchers.
  • However that depends on the electronic and other systems being hardened against such radiation levels as well.
  • Many of them have half-hardened wings as well, the origin of the name for the group.
British Dictionary definitions for hardened

hardened

/ˈhɑːdənd/
adjective
1.
rigidly set, as in a mode of behaviour
2.
toughened, as by custom; seasoned
3.
(of a nuclear missile site) constructed to withstand a nuclear attack

harden1

/ˈhɑːdən/
verb
1.
to make or become hard or harder; freeze, stiffen, or set
2.
to make or become more hardy, tough, or unfeeling
3.
to make or become stronger or firmer they hardened defences
4.
to make or become more resolute or set hardened in his resolve
5.
(intransitive) (commerce)
  1. (of prices, a market, etc) to cease to fluctuate
  2. (of price) to rise higher
See also harden off, harden up

harden2

/ˈhɑːdən/
noun
1.
a rough fabric made from hards
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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