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proper name, from Old English hege-weard "guardian of the fence/hedge." His original duties seem to have been protecting the fences around the Lammas lands, when enclosed, to prevent cattle from breaking in while the crops grew.
city, Alameda county, California, U.S. Located 25 miles (40 km) southeast of San Francisco and 15 miles (25 km) south of Oakland, Hayward lies at the eastern terminus of the San Mateo-Hayward Bridge across San Francisco Bay. The city is named for William Hayward, a disappointed gold seeker who arrived in 1851 and opened a hotel there in 1852. The area was originally an Ohlone Indian campsite on grazing lands of Mission San Jose (established 1797) and later part of Guillermo Castro's Rancho San Lorenzo. Promoted by San Francisco businessmen, Hayward became a livestock and agricultural centre and later turned to manufacturing. Retail businesses and service industries are also important. The city is located on the seismically active Hayward Fault. It is the seat of California State University, East Bay (1957), and a community college (1961). The Hayward Shoreline Interpretive Center features exhibits about the shoreline region, now being restored to marshland. The city's Japanese Gardens are also noteworthy. Inc. 1876. Pop. (1990) 111,498; (2000) 140,030.