hemiplegia

hemiplegia

[hem-i-plee-jee-uh, -juh]
noun Pathology.
paralysis of one side of the body.

Origin:
1590–1600; < Neo-Latin < Medieval Greek hēmiplēgía. See hemi-, -plegia

hemiplegic [hem-i-plee-jik, -plej-ik] , adjective, noun
posthemiplegic, adjective
prehemiplegic, adjective
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Collins
World English Dictionary
hemiplegia (ˌhɛmɪˈpliːdʒɪə)
 
n
paraplegia Compare quadriplegia paralysis of one side of the body, usually as the result of injury to the brain
 
hemi'plegic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

hemiplegia hem·i·ple·gia (hěm'ĭ-plē'jə, -jē-ə)
n.
Paralysis affecting only one side of the body.


hem'i·ple'gic (-plē'jĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
hemiplegia   (hěm'ĭ-plē'jə)  Pronunciation Key 
Paralysis of one side of the body, usually resulting from a stroke or other brain injury.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

hemiplegia

paralysis of the muscles of the lower face, arm, and leg on one side of the body. The most common cause of hemiplegia is damage to the corticospinal tracts in one hemisphere of the brain due to obstruction or rupture of a cerebral artery or to brain tumour. The corticospinal tracts extend from the lower spinal cord to the cerebral cortex. They decussate, or cross, in the brainstem; therefore, damage to the right cerebral hemisphere results in paralysis of the left side of the body. Damage to the left hemisphere of a right-handed person may also result in aphasia.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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