paraplegia

[par-uh-plee-jee-uh, -juh]
noun Pathology.
paralysis of both lower limbs due to spinal disease or injury.

Origin:
1650–60; < Neo-Latin < Greek paraplēgía. See para-1, -plegia

paraplegic [par-uh-plee-jik, -plej-ik] , adjective, noun
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World English Dictionary
paraplegia (ˌpærəˈpliːdʒə)
 
n
pathol hemiplegia Compare quadriplegia paralysis of the lower half of the body, usually as the result of disease or injury of the spine
 
[C17: via New Latin from Greek: a blow on one side, from para-1 + plēssein to strike]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

paraplegia
"paralysis of the lower half of the body," 1657, coined in Mod.L. from Ionic Gk. paraplegie "paralysis of one side of the body," from paraplessein "strike at the side," paraplessesthai "be stricken on one side," from para- "beside" + plessein "to strike" (see plague). The
adj. paraplegic is attested from c.1822; the noun meaning "paraplegic person" is first recorded 1890. An earlier adj. form was paraplectic (1661).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

paraplegia par·a·ple·gi·a (pār'ə-plē'jē-ə, -jə)
n.
Complete paralysis of the lower half of the body including both legs, usually caused by damage to the spinal cord.


par'a·ple'gic (-plē'jĭk) adj. & n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
paraplegia   (pār'ə-plē'jē-ə)  Pronunciation Key 
Paralysis of the lower part of the body, caused by injury to the spinal cord.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

paraplegia

paralysis of the legs and lower part of the body. Paraplegia often involves loss of sensation (of pain, temperature, vibration, and position) as well as loss of motion. It may also include paralysis of the bladder and bowel. Paraplegia may be caused by injury to or disease of the lower spinal cord or peripheral nerves or by such brain disorders as cerebral palsy. Some paraplegics are able to walk with the aid of braces and crutches. Quadriplegia involves paralysis of both arms and both legs. Respiration may also be affected if the upper cervical region of the spinal cord is damaged.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Sure talk about paraplegia as a noun when you're talking about the disability.
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