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paraplegia

[par-uh-plee-jee-uh, -juh] /ˌpær əˈpli dʒi ə, -dʒə/
noun, Pathology
1.
paralysis of both lower limbs due to spinal disease or injury.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Neo-Latin < Greek paraplēgía. See para-1, -plegia
Related forms
paraplegic
[par-uh-plee-jik, -plej-ik] /ˌpær əˈpli dʒɪk, -ˈplɛdʒ ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for paraplegia
  • Sure talk about paraplegia as a noun when you're talking about the disability.
British Dictionary definitions for paraplegia

paraplegia

/ˌpærəˈpliːdʒə/
noun
1.
(pathol) paralysis of the lower half of the body, usually as the result of disease or injury of the spine Compare hemiplegia, quadriplegia
Word Origin
C17: via New Latin from Greek: a blow on one side, from para-1 + plēssein to strike
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for paraplegia
n.

"paralysis of the lower half of the body," 1650s, Latinized form of (Ionic) Greek paraplegie "paralysis of one side of the body," from paraplessein "strike at the side," paraplessesthai "be stricken on one side," from para- "beside" (see para- (1)) + plessein "to strike" (see plague (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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paraplegia in Medicine

paraplegia par·a·ple·gi·a (pār'ə-plē'jē-ə, -jə)
n.
Complete paralysis of the lower half of the body including both legs, usually caused by damage to the spinal cord.


par'a·ple'gic (-plē'jĭk) adj. & n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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paraplegia in Science
paraplegia
  (pār'ə-plē'jē-ə)   
Paralysis of the lower part of the body, caused by injury to the spinal cord.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for paraplegia

paralysis of the legs and lower part of the body. Paraplegia often involves loss of sensation (of pain, temperature, vibration, and position) as well as loss of motion. It may also include paralysis of the bladder and bowel. Paraplegia may be caused by injury to or disease of the lower spinal cord or peripheral nerves or by such brain disorders as cerebral palsy. Some paraplegics are able to walk with the aid of braces and crutches. Quadriplegia involves paralysis of both arms and both legs. Respiration may also be affected if the upper cervical region of the spinal cord is damaged.

Learn more about paraplegia with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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15
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