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henge

[henj] /hɛndʒ/
noun, Archaeology
1.
a Neolithic monument of the British Isles, consisting of a circular area enclosed by a bank and ditch and often containing additional features including one or more circles of upright stone or wood pillars: probably used for ritual purposes or for marking astronomical events, as solstices and equinoxes.
Origin
1730-1740
1730-40; back formation from Stonehenge, Middle English Stanenges, Stanheng, equivalent to stan stone + -heng, probably orig. “something hanging”; cf. hinge
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for henge
  • Two more dwellings were uncovered away from the main settlement, to the western end of the henge.
British Dictionary definitions for henge

henge

/hɛndʒ/
noun
1.
a circular area, often containing a circle of stones or sometimes wooden posts, dating from the Neolithic and Bronze Ages
Word Origin
back formation from Stonehenge
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for henge
noun

a prehistoric circular area with standing stone or wooden pillars and often enclosed by a bank or ditch, possibly used for rituals; also called henge monument

Examples

Henge mainly pertains to a Neolithic monument of the British Isles.

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Word Origin and History for henge
n.

1740, noted as a Yorkshire word for structures such as Stonehenge.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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