|1.||(tr) to raise or lift up, esp by mechanical means|
|2.||hoist with one's own petard See petard|
|3.||any apparatus or device for hoisting|
|4.||the act of hoisting|
|5.||See rotary clothesline|
|a. Compare drop the amidships height of a sail bent to the yard with which it is hoisted|
|b. the difference between the set and lowered positions of this yard|
|7.||nautical the length of the luff of a fore-and-aft sail|
|8.||nautical a group of signal flags|
|9.||Compare fly the inner edge of a flag next to the staff|
|[C16: variant of hoise, probably from Low German; compare Dutch hijschen, German hissen]|
mechanical device used primarily for raising and lowering heavy loads but occasionally for moving objects horizontally. It usually consists of a block and tackle-a combination of one or more fixed pulleys, a moving pulley with a hook or other similar means of attaching loads, and a rope (or cable) between them. Motive power for a hoist may be either manual or supplied by an electric motor. Electrically powered hoists, commonly mounted to the floor or wall, are used for varied lifting and hauling operations in factories and warehouses. See also block and tackle.
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