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hornbeam

[hawrn-beem] /ˈhɔrnˌbim/
noun
1.
any North American shrub or tree belonging to the genus Carpinus, of the birch family, yielding a hard, heavy wood, as C. caroliniana (American hornbeam)
Origin of hornbeam
1570-1580
1570-80; horn + beam
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for hornbeam

hornbeam

/ˈhɔːnˌbiːm/
noun
1.
any tree of the betulaceous genus Carpinus, such as C. betulus of Europe and Asia, having smooth grey bark and hard white wood
2.
the wood of any of these trees
Brit equivalent ironwood
Word Origin
C14: from horn + beam, referring to its tough wood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hornbeam
n.

1570s, from horn (n.) + beam (n.), preserving the original sense of the latter word; so called in reference to its hard wood.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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15
17
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