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impairment

[im-pair-muh nt] /ɪmˈpɛər mənt/
noun
1.
the state of being diminished, weakened, or damaged, especially mentally or physically:
cognitive impairment in older adults.
Origin
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for impairment
  • Speech and language impairment may be any of several problems that make it difficult to communicate.
  • And none of the patients involved has experienced noticeable cognitive impairment as a result of the operation.
  • Taste impairment means there is a problem with your sense of taste.
  • So far this advice has proven right, with big discrepancies in impairment levels between countries.
  • Amazing to me that the ability for independent thinking should be described as an impairment.
  • But now, new research shows, many patients on dialysis have severe mental impairment.
  • Most go under a general heading of neurological because they reflect some impairment of overall function.
  • And, as noted up there, over intake of alcohol might result in cognitive impairment.
  • Some health-care workers were worried this might alarm patients suffering from mental impairment.
  • Doctors with mild cognitive impairment may not be aware they have a problem or their performance is flagging.
Word Origin and History for impairment
n.

mid-14c., emparement, from Old French empeirement, from empeirier (see impair). Re-Latinized spelling is from 1610s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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impairment in Medicine

impairment im·pair·ment (ĭm-pâr'mənt)
n.
Weakening, damage, or deterioration, especially as a result of injury or disease.


im·pair' v.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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