|the borrowing of linguistic forms by one language or dialect from another when both occupy a single geographical or cultural community|
|a mark (?) used as a diacritic over a vowel, as ?, ?, ?, to indicate a vowel sound different from that of the letter without the diacritic|
inanimate in·an·i·mate (ĭn-ān'ə-mĭt)
Not having the qualities associated with active, living organisms; not animate.