incline

[v. in-klahyn; n. in-klahyn, in-klahyn]
verb (used with object), inclined, inclining.
1.
to deviate from the vertical or horizontal; slant.
2.
to have a mental tendency, preference, etc.; be disposed: We incline to rest and relaxation these days.
3.
to tend, in a physical sense; approximate: The flowers incline toward blue.
4.
to tend in character or in course of action: a political philosophy that inclines toward the conservative.
5.
to lean; bend.
6.
to dispose (a person) in mind, habit, etc. (usually followed by to ): His attitude did not incline me to help him.
7.
to bow, nod, or bend (the head, body, etc.): He inclined his head in greeting.
8.
to cause to lean or bend in a particular direction.
noun
9.
an inclined surface; slope; slant.
10.
Railroads.
a.
Also called inclined plane, incline plane. a cable railroad, the gradient of which is approximately 45°.
b.
any railroad or portion of a railroad, the gradient of which is too steep for ordinary locomotive adhesion alone to be effective.
11.
Mining.
a.
an angled shaft following a dipping vein.
b.
an inclined haulageway.
Idioms
12.
incline one's ear, to listen, especially willingly or favorably: to incline one's ear to another's plea.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English inclinen < Latin inclīnāre, equivalent to in- in-2 + -clīnāre to bend (see lean1); replacing Middle English enclinen < Middle French < Latin, as above

incliner, noun
overincline, verb, overinclined, overinclining.
reincline, verb, reinclined, reinclining.


1. lean, slope, rise, fall, pitch. 2. tend, lean. 3, 4. verge, veer.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
incline
 
vb (when tr, may take an infinitive)
1.  to deviate or cause to deviate from a particular plane, esp a vertical or horizontal plane; slope or slant
2.  to be disposed or cause to be disposed (towards some attitude or to do something): he inclines towards levity; that does not incline me to think that you are right
3.  to bend or lower (part of the body, esp the head), as in a bow or in order to listen
4.  incline one's ear to listen favourably (to)
 
n
5.  an inclined surface or slope; gradient
6.  short for inclined railway
 
[C13: from Latin inclīnāre to cause to lean, from clīnāre to bend; see lean1]
 
in'cliner
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

incline
c.1300, "to bend or bow toward," from O.Fr. encliner, from L. inclinare "to cause to lean," from in- "in" + clinare "to bend," from PIE *klei-n-, suffixed form of *klei "to lean" (see lean (v.)). Metaphoric sense of "have a mental disposition toward" is early 15c. in English
(but existed in classical Latin). The noun meaning "slant, slope" is attested from 1846.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The first will be an interval program that will alter your pace and incline.
One would be to measure the moment of inertia of a ball by letting it roll down
  an incline.
The same logic would prevent runners who live in flat neighborhoods from
  raising the incline level of their treadmills.
Now, true, one's predisposition or personal history could incline one toward
  certain types of arguments over others.
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