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[in-kur] /ɪnˈkɜr/
verb (used with object), incurred, incurring.
to come into or acquire (some consequence, usually undesirable or injurious):
to incur a huge number of debts.
to become liable or subject to through one's own action; bring or take upon oneself:
to incur his displeasure.
Origin of incur
late Middle English
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin incurrere to run into, come upon, equivalent to in- in-2 + currere to run; see current
Related forms
incurrable, adjective
reincur, verb (used with object), reincurred, reincurring.
self-incurred, adjective
2. arouse, incite, provoke. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for incur
  • While hunting deer, wolves commonly incur serious and often fatal injuries.
  • How thoroughly you go about this depends how much extra cost you are willing to incur.
  • They don't want to incur a big, immediate loss by writing down a mortgage.
  • It provides a handy visual record of how much money you have left, and when you run out, you don't incur overdraft fees.
  • They incur painful costs of transition, however, which are often imposed unfairly.
  • These patients incur significant morbidity from recurrent diarrhea and financial costs from chronic antibiotic therapy.
  • First, to be more efficient the money would have to incur bigger impacts at lower costs.
  • The member state may temporarily incur deficits only to take into account the budgetary impact of the economic cycle.
  • Defendants with deep pockets could incur enormous costs, which would have to be paid by plaintiffs who lost lawsuits.
  • Projects that must be rushed to completion to meet an urgent deadline can incur punishing overtime charges.
British Dictionary definitions for incur


verb (transitive) -curs, -curring, -curred
to make oneself subject to (something undesirable); bring upon oneself
to run into or encounter
Derived Forms
incurrable, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin incurrere to run into, from currere to run
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for incur

early 15c., from Anglo-French encurir, Middle French encourir, from Latin incurrere "run into or against, rush at, make an attack;" figuratively, "to befall, happen, occur to," from in- "upon" (see in- (2)) + currere "to run" (see current (adj.)). Related: Incurred; incurring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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