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[in-fley-shuh n] /ɪnˈfleɪ ʃən/
Economics. a persistent, substantial rise in the general level of prices related to an increase in the volume of money and resulting in the loss of value of currency (opposed to deflation).
the act of inflating.
the state of being inflated.
Origin of inflation
1300-50; Middle English inflacio(u)n < Latin inflātiōn- (stem of inflātiō). See inflate, -ion
Related forms
anti-inflation, noun, adjective
noninflation, noun
overinflation, noun
reinflation, noun
self-inflation, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for inflation
  • These efforts helped shepherd the economy into expansion and reversed a worrying fall in inflation expectations toward deflation.
  • It all came packed inside a single crate, complete with an engine and an inflation compressor.
  • To explain the discrepancies, astronomers devised the concept of inflation.
  • Unfortunately the craft's balloon ripped and collapsed shortly after inflation, so a new launch was scheduled for autumn.
  • But over the years, the health benefits they were promised have eroded both due to inflation and cutbacks.
  • Yet this increased revenue has not eased economic hardships, which include double-digit unemployment and inflation.
  • These guys start with a different model of the universe called eternal inflation.
  • The vast influx of gold and silver was no different than the inflation of a fiat currency.
  • The problem with inflation is that it needs an additional theory to explain why it occurs and that's ugly.
  • inflation was kept in check because the money supply was strictly tied to the average lease value of the land.
British Dictionary definitions for inflation


the act of inflating or state of being inflated
(economics) a progressive increase in the general level of prices brought about by an expansion in demand or the money supply (demand-pull inflation) or by autonomous increases in costs (cost-push inflation) Compare deflation
(informal) the rate of increase of prices
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for inflation

mid-14c., "swelling caused by gathering of 'wind' in the body; flatulence;" figuratively, "outbursts of pride," from Latin inflationem (nominative inflatio) "a puffing up; flatulence," noun of action from past participle stem of inflare "blow into, puff up," from in- "into" (see in- (2)) + flare "to blow" (see blow (v.1)). Monetary sense of "enlargement of prices" (originally by an increase in the amount of money in circulation) first recorded 1838 in American English.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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inflation in Medicine

inflation in·fla·tion (ĭn-flā'shən)

  1. Distention with a fluid or gas.

  2. The act of distending an organ or body part with a fluid or gas.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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inflation in Culture

inflation definition

A general increase in prices.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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