inhibition

[in-i-bish-uhn, in-hi-]
noun
1.
the act of inhibiting.
2.
the state of being inhibited.
3.
something that inhibits; constraint.
4.
Psychology.
a.
the blocking or holding back of one psychological process by another.
b.
inappropriate conscious or unconscious restraint or suppression of behavior, as sexual behavior, often due to guilt or fear produced by past punishment, or sometimes considered a dispositional trait.
5.
Physiology.
a.
a restraining, arresting, or checking of the action of an organ or cell.
b.
the reduction of a reflex or other activity as the result of an antagonistic stimulation.
c.
a state created at synapses making them less excitable by other sources of stimulation.
6.
Chemistry. a stoppage or decrease in the rate of action of a chemical reaction.
7.
English Ecclesiastical Law. an order, especially from a bishop, suspending a priest or an incumbent from the performance of duties.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English inhibicio(u)n < Latin inhibitiōn- (stem of inhibitiō). See inhibit, -ion

interinhibition, noun
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World English Dictionary
inhibition (ˌɪnɪˈbɪʃən, ˌɪnhɪ-)
 
n
1.  the act of inhibiting or the condition of being inhibited
2.  psychol
 a.  a mental state or condition in which the varieties of expression and behaviour of an individual become restricted
 b.  the weakening of a learned response usually as a result of extinction or because of the presence of a distracting stimulus
 c.  See also repression (in psychoanalytical theory) the unconscious restraining of an impulse
3.  the process of stopping or retarding a chemical reaction
4.  physiol the suppression of the function or action of an organ or part, as by stimulation of its nerve supply
5.  Church of England an episcopal order suspending an incumbent

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

inhibition
late 14c., from O.Fr. inibicion, from L. inhibitionem (nom. inhibitio) "a restraining," from stem of inhibere "hold in, restrain, hinder," from in- "in, on" + habere "to hold" (see habit). Psychological sense of "involuntary check on an expression of an impulse" is from 1876.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

inhibition in·hi·bi·tion (ĭn'hə-bĭsh'ən, ĭn'ə-)
n.

  1. The act of inhibiting or the state of being inhibited.

  2. Something that restrains, blocks, or suppresses.

  3. The conscious or unconscious restraint of a behavioral process, a desire, or an impulse.

  4. Any of a variety of processes that are associated with the gradual attenuation, masking, and extinction of a previously conditioned response.

  5. The condition in which or the process by which a reaction is inhibited.

  6. The condition in which or the process by which an enzyme is inhibited.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
inhibition   (ĭn'hə-bĭsh'ən)  Pronunciation Key 
The blocking or limiting of the activity of an organ, tissue, or cell of the body, caused by the action of a nerve or neuron or by the release of a substance such as a hormone or neurotransmitter. Compare excitation.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

inhibition definition


A personal hindrance to activity or expression. For example, fear of contracting cancer might serve as an inhibition against smoking.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The process is called local activation and long-range inhibition.
The idea is that if individual neurons are more excitable, they lack inhibition.
There is, for example, a temperamental type called behavioral inhibition.
But when expressing their ideas and thoughts even in their own language, there
  is a high degree of inhibition.
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