inositol

inositol

[ih-noh-si-tawl, -tohl, ahy-noh-]
noun
1.
Biochemistry. a compound, C 6 H 12 O 6 , derivative of cyclohexane, widely distributed in plants and seeds as phytin, and occurring in animal tissue and in urine: an essential growth factor for animal life, present in the vitamin B complex.
2.
Pharmacology. the commercial form of this compound, a white, sweet, crystalline solid, used chiefly to promote epithelialization of the cervix after infection or injury.


Origin:
1890–95; inosite (< Greek īn-, stem of ī́s fiber, sinew + -ose2 + -ite1) + -ol1

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Collins
World English Dictionary
inositol (ɪˈnəʊsɪˌtɒl)
 
n
a cyclic alcohol, one isomer of which (i-inositol) is present in yeast and is a growth factor for some organisms; cyclohexanehexol. Formula: C6H12O6
 
[C19: from Greek in-, is sinew + -ose² + -ite1 + -ol1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

inositol in·o·si·tol (ĭ-nō'sĭ-tôl', -tōl', ī-nō'-)
n.
Any of nine isomeric alcohols especially one found in plant and animal tissue and classified as a member of the vitamin B complex.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
inositol   (ĭ-nō'sĭ-tôl', -tōl', ī-nō'-)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of nine isomeric alcohols, especially one found in plant and animal tissue and classified as a member of the vitamin B complex. Inositol is necessary for the growth of yeasts and other fungi, and in humans is especially abundant as part of a phospholipid found in the brain. Chemical formula: C6H12O6.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

inositol

any of several stereoisomeric alcohols similar in molecular structure to the simple carbohydrates. The best known of the inositols is myoinositol, named for its presence in muscle tissue, from which it was first obtained in 1850. Myoinositol is essential for the growth of yeasts and other fungi; it is widely distributed in plants and animals, and large amounts of it are present in the human body, principally as a constituent of a phospholipid that is abundant in the brain. Myoinositol is commonly obtained from grains, in which it is present as the hexaphosphate, phytic acid.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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