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interleukin 1

[in-ter-loo-kin] /ˈɪn tərˌlu kɪn/
noun, Immunology
1.
any of several proteins released from certain cells, especially macrophages, and having various effects on the activity of other cells, as promoting inflammation or enhancing T-cell proliferation.
Abbreviation: IL-1.
Origin of interleukin 1
1979
1979; inter- + leuk(ocyte) + -in2; so called because such proteins act as agents of communication between different populations of leukocytes
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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interleukin-1 in Medicine

interleukin-1 n.
Abbr. IL-1
Any of a group of cytokines, released by macrophages and other cells, that induce the production of interleukin-2 by helper T cells and stimulate the inflammatory response.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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