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intimidate

[in-tim-i-deyt] /ɪnˈtɪm ɪˌdeɪt/
verb (used with object), intimidated, intimidating.
1.
to make timid; fill with fear.
2.
to overawe or cow, as through the force of personality or by superior display of wealth, talent, etc.
3.
to force into or deter from some action by inducing fear:
to intimidate a voter into staying away from the polls.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; < Medieval Latin intimidātus, past participle of intimidāre to make afraid, equivalent to Latin in- in-2 + timid(us) timid, afraid + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
intimidation, noun
intimidator, noun
intimidatory
[in-tim-i-duh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ɪnˈtɪm ɪ dəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
unintimidated, adjective
unintimidating, adjective
Can be confused
intimate, intimidate.
Synonyms
1. frighten, subdue, daunt, terrify. See discourage.
Antonyms
1. calm. 3. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for intimidator

intimidate

/ɪnˈtɪmɪˌdeɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to make timid or frightened; scare
2.
to discourage, restrain, or silence illegally or unscrupulously, as by threats or blackmail
Derived Forms
intimidating, adjective
intimidation, noun
intimidator, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Medieval Latin intimidāre, from Latin in-² + timidus fearful, from timor fear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for intimidator

intimidate

v.

1640s, from Medieval Latin intimidatus, past participle of intimidare "to frighten, intimidate," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + timidus "fearful" (see timid). Related: Intimidated; intimidating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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