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discourage

[dih-skur-ij, -skuhr-] /dɪˈskɜr ɪdʒ, -ˈskʌr-/
verb (used with object), discouraged, discouraging.
1.
to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence; dishearten; dispirit.
2.
to dissuade (usually followed by from).
3.
to obstruct by opposition or difficulty; hinder:
Low prices discourage industry.
4.
to express or make clear disapproval of; frown upon:
to discourage the expression of enthusiasm.
verb (used without object), discouraged, discouraging.
5.
to become discouraged:
a person who discourages easily.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English discoragen < Middle French descorager, Old French descoragier. See dis-1, courage
Related forms
discourager, noun
discourageable, adjective
discouragingly, adverb
overdiscourage, verb (used with object), overdiscouraged, overdiscouraging.
prediscourage, verb (used with object), prediscouraged, prediscouraging.
undiscourageable, adjective
undiscouraged, adjective
undiscouraging, adjective
undiscouragingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. daunt, depress, deject, overawe, cow, abash. Discourage, dismay, intimidate mean to dishearten or frighten. To discourage is to dishearten by expressing disapproval or by suggesting that a contemplated action or course will probably fail: He was discouraged from going into business. To dismay is to dishearten completely: Her husband's philandering dismayed her. To intimidate is to frighten, as by threats of force, violence, or dire consequences: to intimidate a witness.
Antonyms
1. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for discourage
  • In evaluating how admissions policies encourage or discourage college attendance, for instance, they.
  • One explanation may be that the age gaps between husbands and much younger wives discourage large families.
  • The fence is designed to discourage smuggling and arms trafficking.
  • To conserve moisture and discourage weeds, apply a mulch around and between shrubs.
  • Today's insurers discourage doctors from spending enough time with patients to build those relationships.
  • Turning it over, they said, would discourage participation in such studies down the road.
  • The exact location has been kept secret to discourage a gold rush.
  • Federal and state authorities have strengthened laws and intensified prosecutions to discourage looting in this country.
  • As plants bloom, remove faded flowers to discourage plants from setting seed.
  • Nonviolent, first-time offenders should be sent to boot camps to discourage them from moving on to more serious crimes.
British Dictionary definitions for discourage

discourage

/dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to deprive of the will to persist in something
2.
to inhibit; prevent: this solution discourages rust
3.
to oppose by expressing disapproval
Derived Forms
discouragement, noun
discourager, noun
discouragingly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for discourage
v.

mid-15c., discoragen, from Middle French descourager, from Old French descoragier, from des- "away" (see dis-) + corage (see courage). Related: Discouraged; discouragement; discouraging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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