9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[ir-i-tey-tid] /ˈɪr ɪˌteɪ tɪd/
angered, provoked, or annoyed.
inflamed or made raw, as a part of the body.
Origin of irritated
1585-95; irritate + -ed2
Related forms
irritatedly, adverb
unirritated, adjective


[ir-i-teyt] /ˈɪr ɪˌteɪt/
verb (used with object), irritated, irritating.
to excite to impatience or anger; annoy.
Physiology, Biology. to excite (a living system) to some characteristic action or function.
Pathology. to bring (a body part) to an abnormally excited or sensitive condition.
verb (used without object), irritated, irritating.
to cause irritation or become irritated.
1525-35; < Latin irrītātus, past participle of irrītāre to arouse to anger, excite, aggravate, equivalent to irritā- v. stem + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
irritator, noun
Can be confused
aggravate, annoy, intensify, irritate, worsen (see synonym study at aggravate)
1. vex, chafe, fret, gall; nettle, ruffle, pique; incense, enrage, infuriate, inflame. Irritate, exasperate, provoke mean to annoy or stir to anger. To irritate is to excite to impatience or angry feeling, often of no great depth or duration: to irritate by refusing to explain an action. To exasperate is to irritate to a point where self-control is threatened or lost: to exasperate by continual delays and excuses. To provoke is to stir to a sudden, strong feeling of resentful anger as by unwarrantable acts or wanton annoyance: to tease and provoke an animal until it attacks. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for irritated
  • My husband jealously guarded his time, which irritated me to no end.
  • Happily for irritated drivers, there are alternatives to pricey petrol and diesel.
  • No wonder they were more irritated than afraid of me.
  • Everyone was then asked to rate how irritated they were by the noise.
  • They've mostly irritated their targets instead of killing them.
  • These crusts bleed when irritated by rubbing, picking, or blowing the nose.
  • He repeatedly overran his allotted time and ceded to the moderator only with irritated reluctance.
  • When he's not allowed to complete the process, he can become numb to the correction and get frustrated or irritated.
  • The ulnar nerve can be stretched and irritated by talking on a cellphone frequently or for long periods.
  • Over time, the labrum can become irritated and tear.
British Dictionary definitions for irritated


to annoy or anger (someone)
(transitive) (biology) to stimulate (an organism or part) to respond in a characteristic manner
(transitive) (pathol) to cause (a bodily organ or part) to become excessively stimulated, resulting in inflammation, tenderness, etc
Derived Forms
irritator, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin irrītāre to provoke, exasperate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for irritated



1530s, "stimulate to action, rouse, incite," from Latin irritatus, past participle of irritare "excite, provoke." An earlier verb form was irrite (mid-15c.), from Old French irriter. Meaning "annoy, make impatient" is from 1590s. Related: Irritated; irritating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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