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isotope

[ahy-suh-tohp] /ˈaɪ səˌtoʊp/
noun, Chemistry
1.
any of two or more forms of a chemical element, having the same number of protons in the nucleus, or the same atomic number, but having different numbers of neutrons in the nucleus, or different atomic weights. There are 275 isotopes of the 81 stable elements, in addition to over 800 radioactive isotopes, and every element has known isotopic forms. Isotopes of a single element possess almost identical properties.
Origin
1910-1915
1910-15; iso- + -tope < Greek tópos place
Related forms
isotopic
[ahy-suh-top-ik] /ˌaɪ səˈtɒp ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
isotopically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for isotope
  • The sales pitch is irresistible: the principal fuel, a heavy isotope of hydrogen called deuterium, can be extracted from water.
  • More tellingly, radioactive-isotope dating suggests that they are the same age.
  • The reactor would run on an isotope of hydrogen, an abundant source of fuel that can be extracted from water.
  • They discovered the first long-lived isotope of the element protactinium.
  • On its own, the uranium isotope used in nuclear reactors will decay slowly, releasing a minimal amount of heat.
  • There are also other isotope ratios that need to be explained.
  • And the heavier oxygen from a natural process that left more of the light isotope in the part of the nebula that made the sun.
  • Maximum efficiency for doing this is different for each element and each isotope of that element.
  • The longer the decay lifetime, the less the radiation emitted per gram of radio-isotope.
  • Most of this radiation exposure occurs to the kidneys and bladder as the isotope is removed from the body.
British Dictionary definitions for isotope

isotope

/ˈaɪsəˌtəʊp/
noun
1.
one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number that contain different numbers of neutrons
Derived Forms
isotopic (ˌaɪsəˈtɒpɪk) adjective
isotopically, adverb
isotopy (aɪˈsɒtəpɪ) noun
Word Origin
C20: from iso- + Greek topos place
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for isotope
n.

1913, literally "having the same place," introduced by British chemist Frederick Soddy (1877-1956) on suggestion of Margaret Todd, from Greek isos "equal" (see iso-) + topos "place" (see topos); so called because despite the different atomic weights, the various forms of an element occupy the same place on the periodic table.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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isotope in Medicine

isotope i·so·tope (ī'sə-tōp')
n.
One of two or more atoms having the same atomic number but different mass numbers.


i'so·top'ic (-tŏp'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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isotope in Science
isotope
  (ī'sə-tōp')   
One of two or more atoms that have the same atomic number (the same number of protons) but a different number of neutrons. Carbon 12, the most common form of carbon, has six protons and six neutrons, whereas carbon 14 has six protons and eight neutrons. Isotopes of a given element typically behave alike chemically. With the exception of hydrogen, elements found on Earth generally have the same number of protons and neutrons; heavier and lighter isotopes (with more or fewer neutrons) are often unstable and undergo radioactive decay.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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isotope in Culture
isotope [(eye-suh-tohp)]

In physics, different forms of the same element, with nuclei that have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons. Isotopes are distinguished from each other by giving the combined number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus. For example, uranium 235 is the isotope of uranium that has 235 protons and neutrons in its nucleus rather than the more commonly occurring 238. All elements have isotopes.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for isotope

in the trenches

adverb phrase

In the workplace; in contact with the people or problems in a situation; unprotected by distance or illusion: I needed to be back in the trenches where I could really relate to a community/More retrospective accounts are elegant and noble. Watson told it like it was in the trenches (1970s+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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