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[key-on] /ˈkeɪ ɒn/
noun, Physics.
a meson with strangeness +1 and either positive or zero electric charge, or its antiparticle, with strangeness −1 and either negative or zero electric charge. Symbol: K.
Also called K meson, K-meson.
1955-60; ka- (spelling of name of letter k) + (mes)on
Related forms
kaonic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for kaon
  • The kaon peak is an order of magnitude above the background level between it and the pion peak.
  • But the effects of the process that causes an excess of matter from kaon decays are too small to complete the picture.
  • There are a certain amount of electron neutrino events inherent in the beam, which come from kaon decays.
  • kaon production vs participants in nuclear collisions.
  • The large initial angle resulted in higher relative production of neutral kaon and neutron particles.
  • The sensitivity and specificity were calculated for varying kaon acceptance thresholds.
British Dictionary definitions for kaon


a meson that has a positive or negative charge and a rest mass of about 966 electron masses, or no charge and a rest mass of 974 electron masses Also called K-meson
Word Origin
C20: ka representing the letter k + (mes)on
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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kaon in Science
Any of three unstable mesons, one having charge +1 and a mass of 966 electron masses, and two being electrically neutral, with a mass 974 electron masses. Their half-life is approximately 10-8 seconds, and they decay through the weak force. Their decay patterns suggest that CP invariance may be violated. Also called K-meson, K particle. See Table at subatomic particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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