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Denotation vs. Connotation

kilogram

or (especially British) kilogramme

[kil-uh-gram] /ˈkɪl əˌgræm/
noun
1.
a unit of mass equal to 1000 grams: the basic unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram, a platinum-iridium cylinder kept in Sèvres, France.
Abbreviation: kg.
2.
a unit of force and weight, equal to the force that produces an acceleration of 9.80665 meters per second per second when acting on a mass of one kilogram.
Abbreviation: kg.
Origin of kilogram
1790-1800
1790-1800; < French kilogramme. See kilo-, -gram2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for kilogram
Historical Examples
  • A calorie has reference to the quantity of heat which will raise the temperature of one kilogram of water, one degree Centigrade.

    Motors James Slough Zerbe
  • The masses commonly used are the milligram, gram and kilogram.

    Physics Willis Eugene Tower
  • They won't open if there's a difference of one kilogram pressure on the two sides.

    Spacehounds of IPC Edward Elmer Smith
  • The oil consumption was .02 of a kilogram per horse-power hour.

    Aviation Engines Victor Wilfred Pag
  • Another time the same man found a pair of tusks weighing together twelve poods or nearly 200 kilogram.

  • And here in Kosseev is a tree bearing Giants which before they are dried weigh ten nuts to one kilogram (2.204 pounds).

  • Half a kilogram (eighteen ounces) is considered the portion for each person.

    Rome Mildred Anna Rosalie Tuker
  • This is calculated by the amount of heat which is necessary to raise a kilogram of water one degree Fahrenheit.

    Motors James Slough Zerbe
  • "My daughter in Vienna tells me that she has to pay thirty-six hellers a kilogram," he said.

    The Iron Ration George Abel Schreiner
  • The intensity of gravity determines the weight of a standard pound or kilogram as a standard or unit of force.

    Development of Gravity Pendulums in the 19th Century Victor Fritz Lenzen and Robert P. Multhauf
British Dictionary definitions for kilogram

kilogram

/ˈkɪləʊˌɡræm/
noun
1.
one thousand grams
2.
the basic SI unit of mass, equal to the mass of the international prototype held by the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. One kilogram is equivalent to 2.204 62 pounds
kg
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for kilogram
n.

"one thousand grams," 1797, from French kilogramme (1795); see kilo- + gram.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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kilogram in Medicine

kilogram kil·o·gram (kĭl'ə-grām')
n.

Abbr. kg The base unit of mass in the International System of Units, equal to 1,000 grams (2.2046 pounds).

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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kilogram in Science
kilogram
  (kĭl'ə-grām')   
The basic unit of mass in the metric system, equal to 1,000 grams (2.2 pounds). See Table at measurement.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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kilogram in Culture
kilogram [(kil-uh-gram, kee-luh-gram)]

A unit of mass in the metric system, equal to one thousand grams. The weight of a one-kilogram mass is slightly over two pounds.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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