landgravine

landgravine

[land-gruh-veen]
noun
1.
the wife of a landgrave.
2.
a woman of the rank of a landgrave.

Origin:
1675–85; < Dutch landgravin, feminine of landgraaf landgrave

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Collins
World English Dictionary
landgravine (ˈlændɡrəˌviːn)
 
n
1.  the wife or widow of a landgrave
2.  a woman who held the rank of landgrave

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

landgravine

a title of nobility in Germany and Scandinavia, dating from the 12th century, when the kings of Germany attempted to strengthen their position in relation to that of the dukes (Herzoge). The kings set up "provincial counts" (Landgrafen) over whom the dukes would have no control and who would have rank and authority equivalent to those of dukes. Later-and more commonly-the title was given to counts in order to make them directly dependent on the king (or emperor).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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