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lepton1

[lep-ton] /ˈlɛp tɒn/
noun, plural lepta
[lep-tuh] /ˈlɛp tə/ (Show IPA)
1.
an aluminum coin of modern Greece until the euro was adopted, the 100th part of a drachma.
2.
a small copper or bronze coin of ancient Greece.
Origin
1715-1725
1715-25; < Greek leptón (nómisma) a small (coin), noun use of neuter of leptós small; see lepto-

lepton2

[lep-ton] /ˈlɛp tɒn/
noun, Physics.
1.
any of a class of particles with spin of ½ that are not subject to the strong force and that are believed to be truly elementary and not composed of quarks or other subunits. The leptons known or believed to exist are the electron and electron-neutrino, the muon and mu-neutrino, and the tau lepton and tau-neutrino.
Origin
1948; < Greek, neuter of leptós small, slight; see lepto-, -on1
Related forms
leptonic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for lepton
  • The others are more unstable than any respectable quark, boson or lepton.
  • Injecting nucleon decay electrons and positrons into a rotating dark energy star will result in a highly collimated lepton jet.
  • It includes lepton and hadron colliders presently in operation, under construction or under development.
British Dictionary definitions for lepton

lepton1

/ˈlɛptɒn/
noun (pl) -ta (-tə)
1.
a former Greek monetary unit worth one hundredth of a drachma
2.
a small coin of ancient Greece
Word Origin
from Greek lepton (nomisma) small (coin)

lepton2

/ˈlɛptɒn/
noun
1.
(physics) any of a group of elementary particles and their antiparticles, such as an electron, muon, or neutrino, that participate in electromagnetic and weak interactions and have a half-integral spin
Derived Forms
leptonic, adjective
Word Origin
C20: from lepto- + -on
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lepton
n.

elementary particle of small mass, 1948, from Greek leptos "small, slight, slender, delicate" (from lepein "to peel," from PIE *lep-; see leper) + -on. Also the name of a small coin in ancient Greece, from neuter of leptos

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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lepton in Medicine

lepton lep·ton (lěp'tŏn')
n.
Any of a family of elementary particles that participate in the weak interaction, including the electron and its associated neutrino.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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lepton in Science
lepton
  (lěp'tŏn')   
Any of a family of elementary particles that interact through the weak force and do not participate in the strong force. Leptons include electrons, muons, tau particles, and their respective neutrinos, the electron neutrino, the muon neutrino, and the tau neutrino. The antiparticles of these six particles are also leptons. Compare hadron. See Note at elementary particle. See Table at subatomic particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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lepton in Culture
lepton [(lep-ton)]

Any one of six elementary particles that are one of the fundamental constituents of matter. Leptons are not affected by the strong force and are not normally found in the nucleus of the atom. The electron and the neutrino are examples of leptons.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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