lex talionis

[leks tal-ee-oh-nis]
the principle or law of retaliation that a punishment inflicted should correspond in degree and kind to the offense of the wrongdoer, as an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth; retributive justice.
Also called talion.

1590–1600; < Latin lēx taliōnis law of talion

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World English Dictionary
lex talionis (ˌtælɪˈəʊnɪs)
the law of revenge or retaliation
[C16: New Latin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

lex talionis
1590s, from L., "law of retaliation;" an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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