libertarian

[lib-er-tair-ee-uhn]
noun
1.
a person who advocates liberty, especially with regard to thought or conduct.
2.
a person who maintains the doctrine of free will (distinguished from necessitarian ).
adjective
3.
advocating liberty or conforming to principles of liberty.
4.
maintaining the doctrine of free will.

Origin:
1780–90; libert(y) + -arian

libertarianism, noun
antilibertarian, adjective, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
libertarian (ˌlɪbəˈtɛərɪən)
 
n
1.  a believer in freedom of thought, expression, etc
2.  philosophy Compare determinism a believer in the doctrine of free will
 
adj
3.  of, relating to, or characteristic of a libertarian
 
[C18: from liberty]
 
liber'tarianism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

libertarian
1789, "one who holds the doctrine of free will" (opposed to necessitarian), from liberty (q.v.) on model of unitarian, etc. Political sense of "person advocating liberty in thought and conduct" is from 1878. U.S. Libertarian Party founded in Colorado, 1971.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Libertarian progressivism distrusts big increases in government spending
  because that spending is likely to favor the privileged.
Other than a few references to my libertarian ideological positions, none of
  the personal elements are all that controversial.
Some people think that the libertarian viewpoint is undone by an increasing
  acceptance that people are not all that rational.
It's an ethic that libertarian industry leaders embrace openly.
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