luster

1 [luhs-ter]
noun
1.
the state or quality of shining by reflecting light; glitter, sparkle, sheen, or gloss: the luster of satin.
2.
a substance, as a coating or polish, used to impart sheen or gloss.
3.
radiant or luminous brightness; brilliance; radiance.
4.
radiance of beauty, excellence, merit, distinction, or glory: achievements that add luster to one's name.
5.
a shining object, especially one used for decoration, as a cut-glass pendant or ornament.
6.
a chandelier, candleholder, etc., ornamented with cut-glass pendants.
7.
any natural or synthetic fabric with a lustrous finish.
8.
Also called metallic luster. an iridescent metallic film produced on the surface of a ceramic glaze.
9.
Mineralogy. the nature of a mineral surface with respect to its reflective qualities: greasy luster.
verb (used with object)
10.
to finish (fur, cloth, pottery, etc.) with a luster or gloss.
verb (used without object)
11.
to be or become lustrous.
Also, especially British, lustre.


Origin:
1515–25; < Middle French lustre < Italian lustro, derivative of lustrare to polish, purify < Latin lūstrāre to purify ceremonially, derivative of lūstrum lustrum

lusterless, adjective


1. See polish.


1. dullness.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

luster

2 [luhs-ter]
noun
lustrum ( def 1 ).
Also, especially British, lustre.


Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English lustre < Latin lūstrum. See lustrum

luster

3 [luhs-ter]
noun
a person who lusts: a luster after power.

Origin:
1585–95; lust + -er1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
lustre or luster (ˈlʌstə)
 
n
1.  reflected light; sheen; gloss
2.  radiance or brilliance of light
3.  great splendour of accomplishment, beauty, etc
4.  a substance used to polish or put a gloss on a surface
5.  a vase or chandelier from which hang cut-glass drops
6.  a drop-shaped piece of cut glass or crystal used as a decoration on a chandelier, vase, etc
7.  a.  a shiny metallic surface on some pottery and porcelain
 b.  (as modifier): lustre decoration
8.  mineralogy the way in which light is reflected from the surface of a mineral. It is one of the properties by which minerals are defined
 
vb
9.  to make, be, or become lustrous
 
[C16: from Old French, from Old Italian lustro, from Latin lustrāre to make bright; related to lustrum]
 
luster or luster
 
n
 
vb
 
[C16: from Old French, from Old Italian lustro, from Latin lustrāre to make bright; related to lustrum]
 
'lustreless or luster
 
adj
 
'lusterless or luster
 
adj
 
'lustrous or luster
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

luster
1520s, from M.Fr. lustre "gloss, radiance," common Romanic (cf. Sp., Port. lustre, Rum. lustru, It. lustro "splendor, brilliancy"), from L. lustrare "spread light over, brighten, illumine," related to lucere "shine," lux "light" (see light (n.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
luster   (lŭs'tər)  Pronunciation Key 
The shine from the surface of a mineral. Luster is important in describing different kinds of minerals. It is usually characterized as metallic, glassy, pearly, or dull.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Still, space travel has lost much of its luster, and that loss has even rippled through science fiction writing.
And it's not as if the two stars have burnished their luster.
Even the bill's political luster no longer seems certain.
Luster's staff understands training, how adults learn, and how they adapt to change.
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