luteolin

[loo-tee-uh-lin]
noun Chemistry.
a yellow coloring substance, C 15 H 10 O 6 , obtained from the weed Reseda luteola: used in dyeing silk and, formerly, in medicine.

Origin:
1835–45; < Neo-Latin (Reseda) luteol(a), special use of feminine of Latin lūteolus yellowish (diminutive of lūteus yellow; see luteous) + -in2

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luteolin (ˈluːtɪəlɪn)
 
n
a yellow crystalline compound found, in the form of its glycoside, in many plants. Formula: C15H10O6
 
[C19: via French from New Latin reseda lūteola, dyer's rocket, from which this substance is obtained; lūteola from Latin lūteus yellow]

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Luteolin is already known to have anti-inflammatory properties.
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