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magenta

[muh-jen-tuh] /məˈdʒɛn tə/
noun
1.
2.
a purplish red.
Origin
after Magenta, because the dye was discovered the year of the battle.

Magenta

[muh-jen-tuh] /məˈdʒɛn tə/
noun
1.
a town in N Italy, W of Milan: the French and Sardinians defeated the Austrians here 1859.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for magenta

magenta

/məˈdʒɛntə/
noun
1.
  1. a deep purplish red that is the complementary colour of green and, with yellow and cyan, forms a set of primary colours
  2. (as adjective): a magenta filter
2.
another name for fuchsin
Word Origin
C19: named after Magenta, Italy, alluding to the blood shed in a battle there (1859)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for magenta
n.

1860, in honor of the Battle of Magenta in Italy, where the French and Sardinians defeated the Austrians in 1859, which advanced the cause of Italian independence and fired the imagination of European liberals. The brilliant crimson aniline dye was discovered shortly after the battle. The town's name traces back to Roman general and emperor Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius (d.312), who supposedly had a headquarters here.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for magenta

Magenta

town, Lombardia (Lombardy) regione, northern Italy, just west of Milan. Its name is derived from that of Marcus Maxentius, a Roman general and emperor (AD 306-312) who had his headquarters there at Castra Maxentia. The town was the site of the Battle of Magenta (June 4, 1859), fought during the Franco-Piedmontese war against the Austrians (second War of Italian Independence, 1859-61). Napoleon III and his 54,000 troops met 58,000 Austrian troops under General Franz Gyulai in a highly disorganized battle that left some 9,700 dead or injured and 4,600 missing. The narrow French victory over the Austrians was an important step toward Italian independence, for it led many districts and cities, beginning with Bologna on June 12, to throw off Austrian rule and join the cause of Italian unity. The battle is commemorated by an ossuary containing the remains of 9,000 of the dead

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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