manorialism has this advantage: it can make the most of the ox.
In that case the common fields, the hides and yard-lands of the village are not the creatures of manorialism.
Therefore the aspect of German manorialism is more confused and heterogeneous than that of the French or English systems.
The main lines of German manorialism are not radically different from those of France and England.
in medieval times, the organization of rural economy and society by three classes of manors: demesne, serf or villein holdings, and free peasant land