marigold

[mar-i-gohld]
noun
1.
any of several chiefly golden-flowered composite plants, especially of the genus Tagetes, as T. erecta, having strong-scented foliage and yielding an oil that repels root parasites.
2.
any of several unrelated plants, especially of the genus Calendula, as C. officinalis, the pot marigold.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English; see Mary (the Virgin), gold

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World English Dictionary
marigold (ˈmærɪˌɡəʊld)
 
n
1.  any of various tropical American plants of the genus Tagetes, esp T. erecta (African marigold) and T. patula (French marigold), cultivated for their yellow or orange flower heads and strongly scented foliage: family Asteraceae (composites)
2.  any of various similar or related plants, such as the marsh marigold, pot marigold, bur marigold, and fig marigold
 
[C14: from Mary (the Virgin) + gold]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

marigold
1373, marygolde, from Mary (probably a reference to the Virgin) + gold, for color. The O.E. name for the flower was simply golde.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Then she plants in the pot a marigold, a flower that is thought to be fadeless.
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