mathematics

[math-uh-mat-iks]
noun
1.
(used with a singular verb) the systematic treatment of magnitude, relationships between figures and forms, and relations between quantities expressed symbolically.
2.
(used with a singular or plural verb) mathematical procedures, operations, or properties.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English mathematic < Latin mathēmatica (ars) < Greek mathēmatikḕ (téchnē) scientific (craft), equivalent to mathēmat- (stem of máthēma) science, knowledge + -ikē, feminine of -ikos -ic; see -ics

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World English Dictionary
mathematics (ˌmæθəˈmætɪks, ˌmæθˈmæt-)
 
n
1.  (functioning as singular) a group of related sciences, including algebra, geometry, and calculus, concerned with the study of number, quantity, shape, and space and their interrelationships by using a specialized notation
2.  (functioning as singular or plural) mathematical operations and processes involved in the solution of a problem or study of some scientific field
 
[C14: mathematik (n), via Latin from Greek (adj), from mathēma a science, mathēmatikos (adj); related to manthanein to learn]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mathematics
1580s, plural of mathematic (q.v.). Originally denoting the mathematical sciences collectively, including geometry, astronomy, optics. See -ics.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
mathematics   (māth'ə-māt'ĭks)  Pronunciation Key 
The study of the measurement, relationships, and properties of quantities and sets, using numbers and symbols. Arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and calculus are branches of mathematics.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

mathematics definition


The study of numbers, equations, functions, and geometric shapes (see geometry) and their relationships. Some branches of mathematics are characterized by use of strict proofs based on axioms. Some of its major subdivisions are arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and calculus.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
It is an inescapable truth of mathematics that any geometric progression will
  overtake any arithmetic one given enough time.
Mathematics is a language translatable into any other.
The secret to this trick comes from a branch of mathematics called topology.
Mathematics is a tool used to describe a physical model of phenomena.
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