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meditation

[med-i-tey-shuh n] /ˌmɛd ɪˈteɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of meditating.
2.
continued or extended thought; reflection; contemplation.
4.
devout religious contemplation or spiritual introspection.
Origin of meditation
1175-1225
1175-1225; < Latin meditātiōn- (stem of meditātiō) a thinking over (see meditate, -ion); replacing Middle English meditacioun < Anglo-French < Latin, as above
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for meditation

meditation

/ˌmɛdɪˈteɪʃən/
noun
1.
the act of meditating; contemplation; reflection
2.
contemplation of spiritual matters, esp as a religious practice
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for meditation
n.

c.1200, "contemplation; devout preoccupation; devotions, prayer," from Old French meditacion "thought, reflection, study," and directly from Latin meditationem (nominative meditatio) "a thinking over, meditation," noun of action from past participle stem of meditari "to meditate, think over, reflect, consider," frequentative form from PIE root *med- "to measure, limit, consider, advise, take appropriate measures" (cf. Greek medesthai "think about," medon "ruler;" Latin modus "measure, manner," modestus "moderate," modernus "modern," mederi "to heal," medicus "physician;" Sanskrit midiur "I judge, estimate;" Welsh meddwl "mind, thinking;" Gothic miton, Old English metan "to measure;" also see medical).

Meaning "discourse on a subject" is early 14c.; meaning "act of meditating, continuous calm thought upon some subject" is from late 14c. The Latin verb also had stronger senses: "plan, devise, practice, rehearse, study."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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