melancholia

[mel-uhn-koh-lee-uh, -kohl-yuh]
noun
1.
a mental condition characterized by great depression of spirits and gloomy forebodings.
2.

Origin:
1685–95; < Late Latin; see melancholy

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
melancholia (ˌmɛlənˈkəʊlɪə)
 
n
a former name for depression
 
melan'choliac
 
adj, —n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

melancholia
1690s, from Mod.L. melancholia (see melancholy).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

melancholia mel·an·cho·li·a (měl'ən-kō'lē-ə)
n.
A mental disorder characterized by depression, apathy, and withdrawal.


mel'an·cho'li·ac (-lē-āk') adj. & n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

melancholia

formerly the psychological condition known as depression. The term now refers to extreme features of depression, especially the failure to take pleasure in activities

Learn more about melancholia with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Over the next few months his melancholia faded somewhat.
Distilled beverages hints at cold drab winters, melancholia and risks of alcoholism.
He had a wistful look, the collected melancholia of his political ending suddenly gripping him.
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