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melancholia

[mel-uh n-koh-lee-uh, -kohl-yuh] /ˌmɛl ənˈkoʊ li ə, -ˈkoʊl yə/
noun
1.
a mental condition characterized by great depression of spirits and gloomy forebodings.
2.
Psychiatry. endogenous depression.
Origin
1685-1695
1685-95; < Late Latin; see melancholy
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for melancholia
  • Over the next few months his melancholia faded somewhat.
  • Distilled beverages hints at cold drab winters, melancholia and risks of alcoholism.
  • He had a wistful look, the collected melancholia of his political ending suddenly gripping him.
British Dictionary definitions for melancholia

melancholia

/ˌmɛlənˈkəʊlɪə/
noun
1.
a former name for depression
Derived Forms
melancholiac, adjective, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for melancholia
n.

1690s, from Modern Latin melancholia (see melancholy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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melancholia in Medicine

melancholia mel·an·cho·li·a (měl'ən-kō'lē-ə)
n.
A mental disorder characterized by depression, apathy, and withdrawal.


mel'an·cho'li·ac (-lē-āk') adj. & n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for melancholia

formerly the psychological condition known as depression. The term now refers to extreme features of depression, especially the failure to take pleasure in activities

Learn more about melancholia with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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18
22
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