melodeon

melodeon

[muh-loh-dee-uhn]
noun
1.
a small reed organ.
2.
a kind of accordion.
Also, melodion.


Origin:
1840–50, Americanism; < German, formed on Melodie melody; see accordion

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Collins
World English Dictionary
melodeon or melodion (mɪˈləʊdɪən)
 
n
1.  a type of small accordion
2.  a type of keyboard instrument similar to the harmonium
 
[C19: from German, from Melodie melody]
 
melodion or melodion
 
n
 
[C19: from German, from Melodie melody]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

melodeon

keyboard instrument sounded by the vibration of free reeds by wind. It is an American development of the harmonium, from which it differs in two principal respects. Its foot-operated bellows draw the air in past the reeds by suction, rather than forcing it out by pressure; and the characteristic size and form of the reeds and resonators result in a more even dynamic level throughout the compass. It was slower to respond than the harmonium but sounded more organlike and had a softer tone

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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