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meningitis

[men-in-jahy-tis] /ˌmɛn ɪnˈdʒaɪ tɪs/
noun, Pathology
1.
inflammation of the meninges, especially of the pia mater and arachnoid, caused by a bacterial or viral infection and characterized by high fever, severe headache, and stiff neck or back muscles.
Origin
1820-1830
1820-30; < Neo-Latin; see meninges, -itis
Related forms
meningitic
[men-in-jit-ik] /ˌmɛn ɪnˈdʒɪt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for meningitis
  • meningitis can quickly become a life-threatening illness.
  • If neurological problems continue, they are generally due to the meningitis, not the effusion.
  • meningitis is a medical term for inflammation of the tissues surrounding the brain.
British Dictionary definitions for meningitis

meningitis

/ˌmɛnɪnˈdʒaɪtɪs/
noun
1.
inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain or spinal cord, caused by infection
Derived Forms
meningitic (ˌmɛnɪnˈdʒɪtɪk) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for meningitis
n.

"inflammation of the meninges," 1825, coined from Modern Latin meninga, from Greek meninx (genitive meningos) "membrane," in medical Latin especially that of the brain (see member) + -itis "disease." Related: Meningitic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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meningitis in Medicine

meningitis men·in·gi·tis (měn'ĭn-jī'tĭs)
n. pl. men·in·git·i·des (-jĭt'ĭ-dēz')
Inflammation of the meninges of the brain and the spinal cord, most often the result of a bacterial or viral infection and characterized by fever, vomiting, intense headache, and stiff neck.


men'in·git'ic (-jĭt'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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meningitis in Science
meningitis
  (měn'ĭn-jī'tĭs)   
Inflammation of the meninges of the brain and the spinal cord, usually resulting from a bacterial or viral infection and often characterized by fever, vomiting, an intense headache, and a stiff neck.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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meningitis in Culture
meningitis [(men-in-jeye-tis)]

Inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord, most often resulting from a bacterial or viral infection.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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13
17
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