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[mur-jer] /ˈmɜr dʒər/
a statutory combination of two or more corporations by the transfer of the properties to one surviving corporation.
any combination of two or more business enterprises into a single enterprise.
an act or instance of merging.
Origin of merger
1720-30; merge + -er1
Related forms
antimerger, adjective
demerger, noun
premerger, adjective
promerger, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for merger
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • We find that every departure from one merger is entrance upon another.

    The Book of the Damned Charles Fort
  • This was the first trust—what they call a merger—but it occurred in politics.

  • If there had ever been any possibility of the merger going through Colonel Mabens attitude would have effectually stopped it.

    United States Steel Arundel Cotter
  • St. John says that this merger was made at the instigation of the Mine Owners.

    The I.W.W. Paul Frederick Brissenden
  • There may be a merger; there may be a holding corporation; there may be a lease.

    The Value of Money Benjamin M. Anderson, Jr.
British Dictionary definitions for merger


(commerce) the combination of two or more companies, either by the creation of a new organization or by absorption by one of the others Often called (Brit) amalgamation
(law) the extinguishment of an estate, interest, contract, right, offence, etc, by its absorption into a greater one
the act of merging or the state of being merged
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for merger

1728 in legal sense, "extinguishment by absorption," from merge (v.), on analogy of French infinitives used as nouns (e.g. waiver). From 1889 in the business sense; not common until c.1926. General meaning "any act of merging" is from 1881.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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merger in Culture

merger definition

The union of two or more independent corporations under a single ownership. Also known as takeovers, mergers may be friendly or hostile. In the latter case, the buying company, having met with resistance from directors of the targeted company, usually offers an inflated (overmarket) price to persuade stockholders of the targeted company to sell their shares to it. Such mergers often have been financed by junk bonds.

Note: Especially common in the 1980s, hostile takeovers have become highly controversial. Some contend that they bring needed infusions of capital and efficiency to the targeted company. Others argue that, having borrowed heavily to finance the merger, the buyer is forced to sell valuable assets of the targeted company to pay off its debt.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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