meringue

[muh-rang]
noun
1.
a delicate, frothy mixture made with beaten egg whites and sugar or hot syrup, and browned, used as a topping for pies, pastry, etc.
2.
a pastry or pastry shell made by baking such a mixture, sometimes filled with fruit, whipped cream, etc.

Origin:
1700–10; < French méringue; perhaps to be identified with dial. (Walloon) maringue shepherd's loaf, marinde food for an outdoor repast (< Latin merenda light afternoon meal, probably feminine gerund of merere to merit, such a meal being part of a laborer's wages), though certain evidence is lacking; association with the town of Meiringen (Bern canton, Switzerland) is solely by folk etymology

Dictionary.com Unabridged

méringue

[mey-rang]
noun, verb (used without object), méringued, méringuing.

Origin:
< French < Haitian Creole

unmeringued, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
meringue (məˈræŋ)
 
n
1.  stiffly beaten egg whites mixed with sugar and baked, often as a topping for pies, cakes, etc
2.  a small cake or shell of this mixture, often filled with cream
 
[C18: from French, origin obscure]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

meringue
1706, from Fr. méringue, of unknown origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

meringue

mixture of stiffly beaten egg whites and sugar that is used in confections and desserts. The invention of meringue in 1720 is attributed to a Swiss pastry cook named Gasparini. Meringues are eaten as small "kisses" or as cases and toppings for fruits, ice cream, puddings, and the like. Shapes are piped onto a baking sheet through a pastry bag and dried out thoroughly in a slow oven. They are not ordinarily browned but remain an ivory colour. Vacherins and schaumtorten are plain meringue shells; dacquoise is a meringue with ground nuts and cornstarch added. Italian meringue, in which the sugar takes the form of a hot syrup, is used to cover puddings and ice creams. In the United States, a soft, moist meringue is used to top pies, especially lemon cream. Another famous American meringue dessert is the baked Alaska. A hard-frozen block of ice cream is placed on a layer of spongecake, and the whole is covered with uncooked meringue. The meringue is quickly browned in a hot oven and the dish served immediately, so that the meringue is warm but the ice cream is still frozen

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
We snatched a table and downed sparkling apple cider, veggie pot-pies and
  meringue topped with strawberries.
Most of them can make a so-called meringue to add to a lemon pie or a chocolate
  pudding.
It is round, rather flat, and has only three layers of meringue and filling.
Spoon meringue into pastry bag fitted with star tip.
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