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microgravity

[mahy-kroh-grav-i-tee] /ˈmaɪ kroʊˌgræv ɪ ti/
noun
1.
a condition, especially in space orbit, where the force of gravity is so weak that weightlessness results.
Origin
1980-1985
1980-85; micro- + gravity
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for microgravity
  • People on orbiting spacecraft float in microgravity.
  • The above image shows a three-millimeter-wide droplet of heptane fuel burning in microgravity.
  • The tips flaked and broke off, drifting in microgravity where they could potentially harm an astronaut or equipment.
  • Zero gravity or microgravity would solve the problem.
  • Half the frog eggs laid on the shuttle developed in microgravity, and half in a centrifuge that simulated normal gravity.
British Dictionary definitions for microgravity

microgravity

/ˈmaɪkrəʊˌɡrævɪtɪ/
noun
1.
the very low apparent gravity experienced in a spacecraft in earth orbit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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microgravity in Science
microgravity
  (mī'krō-grāv'ĭ-tē)   
A condition in which an object in the gravitational field of some other body (such as the Earth) is accelerated freely as a result of the gravitational force. Free-falling objects, such as a skydiver or a satellite orbiting the Earth, are in a condition of microgravity, while objects held up by forces resisting gravity (as in the case of objects resting on the Earth's surface) or held up by aerodynamic forces (as in the case of birds or aircraft) are not. Since the normal experience of weight on Earth is the result of forces that resist gravity, objects in microgravity appear weightless. Not all effects of gravity are eliminated in such conditions; tidal forces, for example, still affect bodies in microgravity, especially large bodies such as the Earth and the Moon.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for microgravity

a measure of the degree to which an object in space is subjected to acceleration. In general parlance the term is used synonymously with zero gravity and weightlessness, but the prefix micro indicates accelerations equivalent to one millionth (106) of the force of gravity at Earth's surface. When microgravity (mug) is used as a unit of measure, a specific environment can be characterized as providing, for example, 20 mug (20 microgravities).

Learn more about microgravity with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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