milling

[mil-ing]
noun
1.
an act or instance of subjecting something to the operation of a mill.
2.
an act or process of producing plane or shaped surfaces with a milling machine.
3.
Coining.
a.
an act or process of making a raised edge on a coin or the like.
b.
an act or process of making narrow, radial grooves on such a raised edge.
c.
a number of grooves so made.
4.
Slang. a beating or thrashing.

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English. See mill1, -ing1

Dictionary.com Unabridged

mill

1 [mil]
noun
1.
a factory for certain kinds of manufacture, as paper, steel, or textiles.
2.
a building equipped with machinery for grinding grain into flour and other cereal products.
3.
a machine for grinding, crushing, or pulverizing any solid substance: a coffee mill.
4.
any of various machines that modify the shape or size of a workpiece by rotating tools or the work: rolling mill.
5.
any of various other apparatuses for shaping materials or performing other mechanical operations.
6.
a business or institution that dispenses products or services in an impersonal or mechanical manner, as if produced in a factory: a divorce mill; a diploma mill.
7.
Machinery. a cutter on a milling machine.
8.
a steel roller for receiving and transferring an impressed design, as to a calico-printing cylinder or a banknote-printing plate.
9.
Mining. a place or set of machinery for crushing or concentrating ore.
10.
Slang. a boxing match or fistfight.
verb (used with object)
11.
to grind, work, treat, or shape in or with a mill.
12.
Coining.
a.
to make a raised edge on (a coin or the like).
b.
to make narrow, radial grooves on the raised edge of (a coin or the like).
13.
to beat or stir, as to a froth: to mill chocolate.
14.
Slang. to beat or strike; fight; overcome.
verb (used without object)
15.
to move around aimlessly, slowly, or confusedly, as a herd of cattle (often followed by about or around ).
16.
Slang. to fight or box.
Idioms
17.
through the mill, Informal. undergoing or having undergone severe difficulties, trials, etc., especially with an effect on one's health, personality, or character: He's really been through the mill since his wife's death.

Origin:
before 950; Middle English milne, mille (noun), Old English myl(e)n < Late Latin molīna, noun use of feminine of molīnus of a mill, equivalent to Latin mol(a) mill + -īnus -ine1


15. crowd, wander, roam, teem.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
mill1 (mɪl)
 
n
1.  a building in which grain is crushed and ground to make flour
2.  a factory, esp one which processes raw materials: a steel mill
3.  any of various processing or manufacturing machines, esp one that grinds, presses, or rolls
4.  coffee mill See also pepper mill any of various small hand mills used for grinding pepper, salt, or coffee for domestic purposes
5.  a hard roller for impressing a design, esp in a textile-printing machine or in a machine for printing banknotes
6.  a system, institution, etc, that influences people or things in the manner of a factory: going through the educational mill
7.  an unpleasant experience; ordeal (esp in the phrases goorbe put through the mill)
8.  a fist fight
9.  run of the mill ordinary or routine
 
vb
10.  (tr) to grind, press, or pulverize in or as if in a mill
11.  (tr) to process or produce in or with a mill
12.  to cut or roll (metal) with or as if with a milling machine
13.  (tr) to groove or flute the edge of (a coin)
14.  (intr; often foll by about or around) to move about in a confused manner
15.  rare (usually tr) to beat (chocolate, etc)
16.  archaic, slang to fight, esp with the fists
 
[Old English mylen from Late Latin molīna a mill, from Latin mola mill, millstone, from molere to grind]
 
'millable1
 
adj

mill2 (mɪl)
 
n
a US and Canadian monetary unit used in calculations, esp for property taxes, equal to one thousandth of a dollar
 
[C18: short for Latin mīllēsimum a thousandth (part)]

Mill (mɪl)
 
n
1.  James. 1773--1836, Scottish philosopher, historian, and economist. He expounded Bentham's utilitarian philosophy in Elements of Political Economy (1821) and Analysis of the Phenomena of the Human Mind (1829) and also wrote a History of British India (1817--18)
2.  his son, John Stuart. 1806--73, English philosopher and economist. He modified Bentham's utilitarian philosophy in Utilitarianism (1861) and in his treatise On Liberty (1859) he defended the rights and freedom of the individual. Other works include A System of Logic (1843) and Principles of Political Economy (1848)

milling (ˈmɪlɪŋ)
 
n
1.  the act or process of grinding, cutting, pressing, or crushing in a mill
2.  the vertical grooves or fluting on the edge of a coin, etc
3.  (in W North America) a method of halting a stampede of cattle by turning the leaders in a wide arc until the herd turns in upon itself in a tightening spiral

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mill
"building fitted to grind grain," O.E. mylen "mill," an early Gmc. borrowing from L.L. molina, molinum "mill" (cf. Fr. moulin, Sp. molino), originally fem. and neut. of molinus "pertaining to a mill," from L. mola "mill, millstone," related to molere "to grind," from PIE *mel-/*mol-/*ml- "grind" (cf.
Gk. myle "mill"). Also from L.L. molina, directly or indirectly, are Ger. Mühle, Dan. mølle, O.C.S. mulinu. Broader sense of "grinding machine" is attested from 1550s. Other types of manufacturing machines driven by wind or water, whether for grinding or not, began to be called mills by early 15c. Sense of "building fitted with industrial machinery" is from c.1500. The verb meaning "to grind" is attested from 1550s. Related: Milled.

mill
"one-tenth cent," 1791, introduced as a U.S. currency unit but now only used for tax calculation purposes, shortening of L. millesimum "one-thousandth," from mille "a thousand" (see mile). Formed on the analogy of cent, which is short for L. centesimus "one hundredth" (of a dollar).

mill
"to keep moving round and round in a mass," 1874 (implied in milling), originally of cattle, from mill (n.1) on resemblance to the action of a mill wheel. Related: Milling.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Mill definition


for grinding corn, mentioned as used in the time of Abraham (Gen. 18:6). That used by the Hebrews consisted of two circular stones, each 2 feet in diameter and half a foot thick, the lower of which was called the "nether millstone" (Job 41:24) and the upper the "rider." The upper stone was turned round by a stick fixed in it as a handle. There were then no public mills, and thus each family required to be provided with a hand-mill. The corn was ground daily, generally by the women of the house (Isa. 47:1, 2; Matt. 24:41). It was with the upper stone of a hand-mill that "a certain woman" at Thebez broke Abimelech's skull (Judg. 9:53, "a piece of a millstone;" literally, "a millstone rider", i.e., the "runner," the stone which revolves. Comp. 2 Sam. 11:21). Millstones could not be pledged (Deut. 24:6), as they were necessary in every family.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Scientific personalities will never be respected by the milling mindless,
  idiots that surround them.
There are a few different milling techniques for different weights or such.
Then they heat and crush the nibs between large milling wheels.
Any driver who has been stuck behind a milling machine has seen pavement
  recycling in action.
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