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mortise

[mawr-tis] /ˈmɔr tɪs/
noun
1.
a notch, hole, groove, or slot made in a piece of wood or the like to receive a tenon of the same dimensions.
2.
a deep recess cut into wood for any of several other purposes, as for receiving a mortise lock.
3.
Printing. a space cut out of a plate, especially for the insertion of type or another plate.
verb (used with object), mortised, mortising.
4.
to secure with a mortise and tenon.
5.
to cut or form a mortise in (a piece of wood or the like).
6.
to join securely.
7.
Printing.
  1. to cut metal from (a plate).
  2. to cut out metal from a plate and insert (new material) in its place.
Also, mortice.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English morteys, mortaise < Anglo-French mortais(e), Old French mortoise, of obscure origin
Related forms
mortiser, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for mortise
  • There is a pleasure that's derived from the achievement of a well chiseled and fitted mortise and tenon.
  • These cuts are made on the shoulder of a tenon where it meets a mortise on a curved chair leg.
  • The timber rafters connect at the peak with a mortise and tenon joint, worked at angles to account for the slope of the roof.
  • Beyond this, mortise locks may contain additional features that vary depending on the intended application of the lock.
  • Door secured between posted hours through special mortise lock arrangement.
  • The furniture is constructed with traditional mortise and tenon joinery for strength and durability.
British Dictionary definitions for mortise

mortise

/ˈmɔːtɪs/
noun
1.
a slot or recess, usually rectangular, cut into a piece of wood, stone, etc, to receive a matching projection (tenon) of another piece, or a mortise lock
2.
(printing) a cavity cut into a letterpress printing plate into which type or another plate is inserted
verb (transitive)
3.
to cut a slot or recess in (a piece of wood, stone, etc)
4.
to join (two pieces of wood, stone, etc) by means of a mortise and tenon
5.
to cut a cavity in (a letterpress printing plate) for the insertion of type, etc
Derived Forms
mortiser, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French mortoise, perhaps from Arabic murtazza fastened in position
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for mortise
n.

c.1400, "hole or groove in which something is fitted to form a joint," from Old French mortaise (13c.), possibly from Arabic murtazz "fastened," past participle of razza "cut a mortise in." Cf. Spanish mortaja.

v.

mid-15c., from mortise (n.). Related: Mortised; mortising.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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