much

[muhch]
adjective, more, most.
1.
great in quantity, measure, or degree: too much cake.
noun
2.
a great quantity, measure, or degree: Much of his research was unreliable.
3.
a great, important, or notable thing or matter: The house is not much to look at.
adverb, more, most.
4.
to a great extent or degree; greatly; far: to talk too much; much heavier.
5.
nearly, approximately, or about: This is much like the others.
Idioms
6.
make much of,
a.
to treat, represent, or consider as of great importance: to make much of trivial matters.
b.
to treat with great consideration; show fondness for; flatter.
7.
much as,
a.
almost the same as: We need exercise, much as we need nourishment.
b.
however much: Much as she wanted to stay at the party, she had to leave.
8.
not so much, Informal. not ( def 3 ).

Origin:
1150–1200; Middle English muche, moche, apocopated variant of muchel, mochel, Old English mycel; replacing Middle English miche(l), Old English micel great, much (cf. mickle), cognate with Old Norse mikill, Gothic mikils, Greek mégal-, suppletive stem of mégas great

much, very (see usage note at very).
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
much (mʌtʃ)
 
determiner
1.  a.  (usually used with a negative) a great quantity or degree of: there isn't much honey left
 b.  (as pronoun): much has been learned from this
2.  informal a bit much rather excessive
3.  as much exactly that: I suspected as much when I heard
4.  make much of See make of
5.  not much of not to any appreciable degree or extent: he's not much of an actor really
6.  informal not up to much of a low standard: this beer is not up to much
7.  (used with a negative) think much of to have a high opinion of: I don't think much of his behaviour
 
adv
8.  considerably: they're much better now
9.  practically; nearly (esp in the phrase much the same)
10.  (usually used with a negative) often; a great deal: it doesn't happen much in this country
11.  much as, as much as even though; although: much as I'd like to, I can't come
 
adj
12.  (predicative; usually used with a negative) impressive or important: this car isn't much
 
[Old English mycel; related to Old English micel great, Old Saxon mikil, Gothic mikils; compare also Latin magnus, Greek megas]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

much
c.1200, worn down by loss of unaccented last syllable from M.E. muchel, from O.E. micel "great in amount or extent," from P.Gmc. *mekilaz, from PIE *meg- "great." For vowel evolution, see bury.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

much

In addition to the idioms beginning with much, also see as much; as much as; make much of; not miss a trick (much); not think much of; pretty much; so much; so much for; so much the better; (much) sought after; take it (just so much); take on (too much); too much of a good thing; without so much as.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
It would be great if all interested in getting into tortoises or any living creature really would put this much thought into it.
The bureaucrats are the fulcrum so the guys with the leverage can lift great weight without too much effort.
Jellyfish have long been dismissed as so much mindless protoplasm with a mouth.
Yes, it's much better to take steps to keep students who are not interested in
  college enrolled.
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