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Denotation vs. Connotation

mum1

[muhm] /mʌm/
adjective
1.
silent; not saying a word:
to keep mum.
interjection
2.
say nothing! be silent!
Idioms
3.
mum's the word, do not reveal what you know (about something); keep silent:
Mum's the word, or the surprise party won't be a surprise.
Origin of mum1
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English momme; imitative

mum2

or mumm

[muhm] /mʌm/
verb (used without object), mummed, mumming.
1.
to say “mum”; call for silence.
2.
to act as a mummer.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English mommen, v. use of mum1; compare Middle Dutch mommen to act the mummer's part

mum3

[muhm] /mʌm/
noun
Origin
shortened form

mum4

[muhm] /mʌm/
noun, Chiefly British
1.
mother1 .
Origin
1815-25; nursery word; see mom

mum5

[muhm] /mʌm/
noun
1.
a strong beer or ale, first made in Brunswick, Germany.
Origin
1630-40; < German Mumme, said to have been named after the brewer who made it

mum6

[muhm] /mʌm/
noun, Chiefly British
1.
Origin
variant of ma'am
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for mum
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • You were the little clerk who sat so mum in the corner, and then cried fy on the gleeman.

    The White Company Arthur Conan Doyle
  • Ye haven't; then I very much doubt if ye'll see him this day, mum.

  • Mebbe we may take a notion to drop in on ye bime by; with thanks, mum, we now sagaciate.

    The Boy Patrol on Guard Edward S. Ellis
  • "I'm afraid as how the house was too quiet for Mr. Grierson, mum," she wound up.

    People of Position Stanley Portal Hyatt
  • You did right to take this out, mum, when the fly went to the stables.

    The Two Magics Henry James
British Dictionary definitions for mum

mum1

/mʌm/
noun
1.
(mainly Brit) an informal word for mother1
Word Origin
C19: a child's word

mum2

/mʌm/
adjective
1.
keeping information to oneself; silent
noun
2.
mum's the word, silence or secrecy is to be observed
Word Origin
C14: suggestive of closed lips

mum3

/mʌm/
verb mums, mumming, mummed
1.
(intransitive) to act in a mummer's play
Word Origin
C16: verbal use of mum²

mum4

/mʌm/
noun
1.
(Brit, obsolete) a type of beer made from cereals, beans, etc
Word Origin
C17: from German Mumme, perhaps from the name of its original brewer
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mum
interj.

"be silent," 1560s, from Middle English mum, mom (late 14c.), inarticulate closed-mouth sound, indicative of unwillingness or inability to speak. As an adjective meaning "secret" from 1520s. Phrase mum's the word is first recorded 1704.

n.

abbreviation of chrysanthemum, first attested 1915 in the jargon of gardeners.

pet word for "mother," 1823, short for mummy (see mamma). In British sociology, used from 1957 in reference to "the working class mother as an influence in the lives of her children." Also sometimes a vulgar corruption of madam.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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