|naturalism (ˈnætʃrəˌlɪzəm, -tʃərə-)|
|1.||a. a movement, esp in art and literature, advocating detailed realistic and factual description, esp that in 19th-century France in the writings of Zola, Flaubert, etc|
|b. the characteristics or effects of this movement|
|2.||a school of painting or sculpture characterized by the faithful imitation of appearances for their own sake|
|3.||the belief that all religious truth is based not on revelation but rather on the study of natural causes and processes|
|a. a scientific account of the world in terms of causes and natural forces that rejects all spiritual, supernatural, or teleological explanations|
|b. naturalistic fallacy Compare descriptivism the meta-ethical thesis that moral properties are reducible to natural ones, or that ethical judgments are derivable from nonethical ones|
|5.||action or thought caused by natural desires and instincts|
|6.||devotion to that which is natural|
A movement in literature and the arts, and an approach to philosophy. Literary and artistic naturalism aims at accuracy and objectivity and cultivates realistic and even sordid portrayals of people and their environment. Philosophical naturalism, which is often identified with materialism, holds that minds, spirits, and ideas are fundamentally material.
In the visual arts, an attempt to depict the natural world as accurately and objectively as possible.