[nach-er-uh-list, nach-ruh-]
a person who studies or is an expert in natural history, especially a zoologist or botanist.
an adherent of naturalism in literature or art.

1580–90; natural + -ist

antinaturalist, noun, adjective
nonnaturalist, noun

naturalist, naturist, nudist. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
naturalist (ˈnætʃrəlɪst, -tʃərəl-)
1.  a person who is expert or interested in botany or zoology, esp in the field
2.  a person who advocates or practises naturalism, esp in art or literature

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"student of plants and animals," 1600, from natural (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
naturalist   (nāch'ər-ə-lĭst)  Pronunciation Key 
A person who specializes in natural history, especially in the study of plants and animals in their natural surroundings.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The naturalist-guided tour covers canyons, waterfalls and geyser basins with a
  focus on wildlife watching and animal tracking.
The naturalist would approve of how evolutionary science continues to improve.
Not much is known about his training as a naturalist or artist.
If you have naturalist leanings, this is indispensable.
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