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need

[need] /nid/
noun
1.
a requirement, necessary duty, or obligation:
There is no need for you to go there.
2.
a lack of something wanted or deemed necessary:
to fulfill the needs of the assignment.
3.
urgent want, as of something requisite:
He has no need of your charity.
4.
necessity arising from the circumstances of a situation or case:
There is no need to worry.
5.
a situation or time of difficulty; exigency:
to help a friend in need; to be a friend in need.
6.
a condition marked by the lack of something requisite:
the need for leadership.
7.
destitution; extreme poverty:
The family's need is acute.
verb (used with object)
8.
to have need of; require:
to need money.
verb (used without object)
9.
to be under an obligation (used as an auxiliary, typically in an interrogative or in a negative statement, and followed by infinitive, in certain cases without to; in the 3d person singular the form is need, not needs):
He need not go.
10.
to be in need or want.
11.
to be necessary:
There needs no apology.
Idioms
12.
if need be, should the necessity arise:
If need be, I can type the letters myself.
Origin
900
before 900; (noun) Middle English nede, Old English nēd (WSaxon nīed), cognate with German Not, Old Norse nauth, Gothic nauths; (v.) Middle English neden, Old English nēodian, derivative of the noun
Related forms
needer, noun
unneeded, adjective
well-needed, adjective
Synonyms
2, 3. See lack. 3. requirement. 4. Need, necessity imply a want, a lack, or a demand, which must be filled. Need, a word of Old English origin, has connotations that make it strong in emotional appeal: the need to be appreciated. Necessity, a word of Latin origin, is more formal and impersonal or objective; though much stronger than need in expressing urgency or imperative demand, it is less effective in appealing to the emotions: Water is a necessity for living things. 5. emergency. 7. neediness, indigence, penury, privation. See poverty. 8. want, lack.
Antonyms
7. wealth.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for needed
  • Published recipes are tested in our kitchen, adjusted as needed, and written in our editorial style.
  • What he needed was a career in which social position had value.
  • Our minds are no less inventive, our goods and services no less needed than they were last week or last month or last year.
  • For some reason they could not have explained they had both got from their silent evening together the thing needed.
  • He sees that something more is needed than these ideas of sensation.
  • It became a fixed habit, and when she needed new clothes she did not get them.
  • One might find fault till the last gate closed, one could still explain nothing that needed explanation.
  • If rain was needed, the wizards fasted and danced with pipes full of water in their mouths.
  • It needed something foreign to stir and animate what was native in him.
  • Large-scale military spending draws off resources needed for investment and civilian consumption.
British Dictionary definitions for needed

need

/niːd/
verb
1.
(transitive) to be in want of to need money
2.
(transitive) to require or be required of necessity (to be or do something); be obliged to need to do more work
3.
(takes an infinitive without to) used as an auxiliary in negative and interrogative sentences to express necessity or obligation, and does not add -s when used with he, she, it, and singular nouns need he go?
4.
(intransitive) (archaic) to be essential or necessary to there needs no reason for this
noun
5.
the fact or an instance of feeling the lack of something he has need of a new coat
6.
a requirement the need for vengeance
7.
necessity or obligation resulting from some situation no need to be frightened
8.
distress or extremity a friend in need
9.
extreme poverty or destitution; penury
See also needs
Word Origin
Old English nēad, nied; related to Old Frisian nēd, Old Saxon nōd, Old High German nōt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for needed

need

n.

Old English nied (West Saxon), ned (Mercian) "necessity, compulsion, duty; hardship, distress; errand, business," originally "violence, force," from Proto-Germanic *nauthis (cf. Old Saxon nod, Old Norse nauðr, Old Frisian ned, Middle Dutch, Dutch nood, Old High German not, German Not, Gothic nauþs "need"), probably cognate with Old Prussian nautin "need," and perhaps with Old Church Slavonic nazda, Russian nuzda, Polish nędza "misery, distress," from PIE *nau- "death, to be exhausted" (see narwhal).

The more common Old English word for "need, necessity, want" was ðearf, but they were connected via a notion of "trouble, pain," and the two formed a compound, niedðearf "need, necessity, compulsion, thing needed." Nied also might have been influenced by Old English neod "desire, longing," which often was spelled the same. Common in Old English compounds, e.g. niedfaru "compulsory journey," a euphemism for "death;" niedhæmed "rape," the second element being an Old English word meaning "sexual intercourse;" niedling "slave." Meaning "extreme poverty, destitution" is from c.1200.

v.

Old English neodian "be necessary, be required (for some purpose); require, have need of," from the same root as need (n.). Meaning "to be under obligation (to do something)" is from late 14c. Related: Needed; needing. The adjectival phrase need-to-know is attested from 1952. Dismissive phrase who needs it?, popular from c.1960, is a translated Yiddishism.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with needed
In addition to the idiom beginning with need also see: cry for (crying need for).
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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