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nitrate

[n. nahy-treyt, -trit; v. nahy-treyt] /n. ˈnaɪ treɪt, -trɪt; v. ˈnaɪ treɪt/
noun
1.
Chemistry. a salt or ester of nitric acid, or any compound containing the univalent group –ONO 2 or NO 3 .
2.
fertilizer consisting of potassium nitrate or sodium nitrate.
3.
cellulose nitrate, a substance used as a film base in the early days of filmmaking.
4.
Informal. nitrate film.
verb (used with object), nitrated, nitrating.
5.
to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate.
6.
to convert into a nitrate.
Origin
1785-1795
1785-95; nitr- + -ate2
Related forms
nitration, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for nitrate
  • Pollutants from fertilizer runoff, such as nitrate and nitrite, are also removed.
  • One promising area is the trading of nitrate emissions between factories and farmers.
  • It may be light, or a familiar nutrient such as nitrate or phosphate.
  • The former turns ammonia into nitrite, which the latter then converts to nitrate, a potent fertilizer.
  • Clostridia bacteria also have an enzyme that reduces nitrate to nitrite.
  • The gel's active ingredient, glyceryl nitrate, has been used for as a vasodilator for over a century.
  • Our setup had the nitrate negatives in mind more than anything.
British Dictionary definitions for nitrate

nitrate

/ˈnaɪtreɪt/
noun
1.
any salt or ester of nitric acid, such as sodium nitrate, NaNO3
2.
a fertilizer consisting of or containing nitrate salts
verb
3.
(transitive) to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate
4.
to convert or be converted into a nitrate
5.
to undergo or cause to undergo the chemical process in which a nitro group is introduced into a molecule
Derived Forms
nitration, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for nitrate
n.

1794, from French nitrate (1787) or formed in English from nitre + -ate (3). Related: Nitrates.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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nitrate in Medicine

nitrate ni·trate (nī'trāt', -trĭt)
n.

  1. The univalent radical NO3.

  2. A compound containing such a radical, such as a salt or ester of nitric acid.

v. ni·trat·ed, ni·trat·ing, ni·trates
To treat with nitric acid or a nitrate, usually to change an organic compound into a nitrate.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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nitrate in Science
nitrate
  (nī'trāt')   
A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the group NO3. Nitrates dissolve extremely easily in water and are an important component of the nitrogen cycle. Compare nitrite.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Word Value for nitrate

7
8
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