When this liquid was treated with a few drops of nitric acid mixture the smell of nitrobenzene was given off.
The purity of the product depends upon the quality of the benzene from which the nitrobenzene was prepared.
It is prepared from nitrobenzene by reducing it with stannous chloride and sodium hydroxide.
The residue of nitric acid which replaces hydrogen in benzene is the nitro-group, and the compound is nitrobenzene.
The nitrobenzoate is insoluble in ether alcohol, but is soluble in acetone, acetic acid, and nitrobenzene.
It also appears as an intermediate product in the electrolytic reduction of nitrobenzene in sulphuric acid solution.